«Paper. World. Art»?�??N??????�??N�??N??zN�??N�N�N�???�

?YN�???�??N� A�Paper. World. ArtA� ???� V ?s?????�?????? ??N�N??�???�?�?�

22.04.2015 - 26.04.2015

?� ??N�???�??N�?� A�?�N????�???�. ????N�. ??N???N?N?N?N�????A� ??N?N�?�N�??N� ???�N�?????� ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ???�N�?�N�?�?�N�N?N? ?? N�?�???� N�N�?�????N�?????????????? ???�????N????�, ?�???�N�??????N?N�N? ????N�??N�?????? ???� ????N�?�????N�?????�?�N�N?N? N?N�?�N�???? ?????�N??�?�N????????? ??N???N?N?N?N�???�. ?�N????�???� ??N??????????? ???�?????? N??�N??�???�?� ???� ?�?�?�???? ??N??�N?N�N?N�N� ?? ???�N�?�?�?????�????N?, ?????�?????? ?????� N????�N??�N�N?N? N?N�?�??N?N�?????? N�N�?�???�????N? ????N�??N�???�N�????, N??????�???? N�?????� ???�??N?N�N?NZ ?????????�?�??????; ???� ???�N�??N�?? ???�???�N??? N�N�N????????? ?? N�?????????? ???�N�?�N�???�?�, ???� ????N�??N�???? N??�?� ???�????N??�???� ?? N???N�N�?�???�???� ??N?N�??N�??N? ????N�?�.

???�???�N? A�?�?�N�N??�?�??????N?N�N?A� ?? ??????????N�?�???�?????? ??N�??N?N�??N�?� ???�?????????? ???�N�?�N�???�?�?� N�?�N?N�?? ?????�N??�???�?�N� N�N??????�?????????? ???�N�?�N�?�N�N?N?N? ?? ???�??N? ?? N�????N�N�?�N?????N� N???N????�N�?????�??N�?�N� ???�?? ?? N�N�?�????N�????????N�N� ?�?�??N�?�N�. ?�?�N?N�?? N??�N�???? N�?�?�??N� ???� ?�N????�???� N?N�?�??????N?N�N?N? ?�???�??????N�???? ?? ?�??N�?????� N�N??????�??????????. ?????�?????? N�??N?N�??N�?� ?�N????�???? N??????????�???�??N�N??�N� ??N�??N�N�N�??N?N�N? ?? ?????�?�?�?�?????� ???�N�?�?? ???�N�??N�?? ?�?�N?N�????, ????N�??N�N�?? ??N?N�?�????N� ?�N?????N?, ?�??????NZ ???�?? N�??N�??N? ???� ???�??. ?�?�?�N�?? ?�??N?N� ?�N????�???? ???�?????�?�N� ??N????????�????, ??N?N�??N�????, ???�N�N�?�N�?????�, ?�??N?N�, ????N�??N�?????? N�?�N�?�?� ???????????�?????� ????N????�N�N?N? N�N????� N�N??????�???????� ???�?? ????N??�N�?�?�N?, ????N�??N�N�?? N?N�?�???�N� ??N�???�?�?�??N�?�?? N????�?�N�?�?????? ???�N�?�?�????.

???�????????N?, N? N�?�?�????N�???�?? N?????N�?�???�????N�N� ???�?????�, ?�N????�???� N??????????�???�??N�N??�N� N?????N�?�?� N�N�?�????N�??NZ ???�?? ??N�??N�?�N?N? ??????N????� N�N??????�???????�, ????N�?�???�?�?�????N�?? N??�?? ?? ??N�???�?????�?�N�???? N�?�?�??N�N�. ?� ??N�???�??N�?� A�?�N????�???�. ????N�. ??N???N?N?N?N�????A� ???�????N�?? ???�N�?�N�???�?� N?N�?�???�N� ??N???????????, N�??N�?????? ??N�N?N�?�N�?�, ?????�?�?? ???�N? N�????N�N�?�N?????N� ??????N�N�????. ??N??????�???????? ??N�?�??N?N�?�??N?N� N??????? N???N????�N�?????�??N� N? ?�N????�??????, ????N�??N�N�?? N?N�?�???�N� ???�NS?�??N�???? ???�?? N?N??�NS?�??N�???? N�?�?�??N�N�.

??N�?�N?N�???????? ??N�???�??N�?�: ??N�N??????� «???�N?N???N? 22″ (?????�?�N�???? ?????�N????�N???, ?????????�?�?? ?sN�?????�??????, ???�N�???�?? ????????N�, ?s????N?N�?�??N�???? ?�N????�N?????, ???�N�???�?? ?Y????????, ?�?????�?? ????N�?�???�????), ???�?�??N??�????N� ?�?�?�?�??, ???�N�?�?�?� ?�?�N�?�?�?�N?, ?�?�?�????????N� ?�N?????????????, ????N�??N??�?�?? ?�?�?????�, ?�?�???????� ?�?�?�??????, ?�N�N�N�N? ?�N�??N?, ???�N�???�?? ?�?�???�????N?, ???�N�???�?? ?s?�?????�??, ?�?????�?????� ?�??N�?�N�?�???�, ?�????N�??N� ???�?�N?????N�N???, ???????� ????N�?????????�, ???????� ???�??N????�, ??N�??N??�?�?? ?YN�??N?N??�??NZ??, ?�?�?�???� ?�?�?�????, ???�?�??N??�????N� ?�????N�?�N?N�??, ?z?�?�N?N? ???�???�N�?�N?, ?�????N�??N� ????????N�?�??????, ???�?????� ?????�N????�N???, ???�N�?????� ???�?�NZN�N�??, ?�N?N??�?�?? ??N�?�???�?�, ?z?�?�???� ??N?N�N???N?N????�, ?�????N�??N� ???????�??????, Raphus Cucullatus.

?� N�?�?????�N� ??N�???�??N�?� N???N?N�??N?N�N?N? ??N�?�?�?�??N�?�N�????:
22 ?�??N�?�?�N?, 18:00 – 18:45. ?�?�?� ?�N????�???� – N�N??????�?�N?N�???�????N�?? ???�N�?�?�???? A�Paper. World. ArtA�
23 ?�??N�?�?�N?, 14:00 – 14:45. ?�?�?� ????????N? – ?????????� A�?????�?�N�???? ?????�N????�N???. ?�N?N??�. ???�??N?N�N�. ?�???�?�??????A�

?sN?N�?�N�??N� ???�N�?????� ?�?�N�?�?�??????

???�N?N�?? ??N�?????�???�????N?: ????N?N�?�N�N???N�?? ??N�N??�???�?�, N??�. ?�?�??N�N????�N?, 12

?�?�N�?�?�?? ??N�?? ???�?�??N????�N�??????N�?? N�?�N?N�?????�?�N? V ?s?????�??N�?? ??N�N??�???�?�: http://artarsenal.in.ua/event150.html

?YN�?�?�?�??N�?�N�??N? ???�N�?�?�?????� «Paper / World / Art» ?? ??N�N?N�?�N�?????? ??N�N??�???�?�?�: N�?�????N�N�?�?�
?YN�?�?�?�??N�?�N�??N? ?????????? «?????�?�N�???? ?????�N????�N???. ?�N?N??�. ???�??N?N�N�. ?�???�?�??????»: N�?�????N�N�?�?�

 

??N�?�?�N�N�?? ??N�?�N????�N?N�

??????N�?? ??N�?�?�N�N�N? ??N�?�N????�N?N�, ?�?�????N??�?� N�?? N�?? ???�?�????N� ?????�??N�???�, N�?? ???�?�?�??N???N�, N?N�????N�?�??N� ???�N�N�NZ N�?? ??N???N�?�?�N???, ?�?�???�???? N� N???N�??N�?�????N??? N�N????�??N?N�N� ??N�??N�?�N?N? ?�??????????N?N?. ?�?????? ?????�?�?�???�?�??N� ???�N�?�N�????N? N�?? ?�N???N?-N?????N� ??N�?????�?�???? N� ???????�???�NZN�N? N�N�?�????????N�?????? ?�??N??�N�?�???�?�????N? N? ???�N�N?N? N�?�N�??N? ???� N????�N�. ?Y?�??????, N�?� N� N� ???�??N????�?�????N�N????? ?�N�?�?? ?? ??N?????N??�?�????N� N�???�??N�??, N�???�N???N�????N� N�??????, N�?? ???????� ???�N??� ???�N? ?????�????????.
?zN????�?�?????? N�?�???�N�, ?????�?? A�N???N�N� ???????????�?� ???�N? ?�?�?????????�?????? ???�N�?�?�?�????-???�N�N�???????�????. ???? ???�?� ???� N?N�N�?�N????? N�?�, N�?? ???? N�??N�?�N�???? N� ????????N�??????, N???N�?�N????? N�?�, N�?? ???? ?�?�N�??????, N� ???�N??� A�????A�, ?? ???�N�N?N? N�?�N�??N?, N� N�?�?�N??�N?N�?�N�???? ??N�?�N??�?�N?????N� ??N�?�??N�????. ???????� ??????N???N�???�N�????????N� ???�N�?�?�N�?? (N�?�N�??N�?? ?z. ??N�????N??????�) a�� ?�N�?�??N�???????� N� ?�N�???�N???N�?�?�. ?�?????� N?N�????N�NZN�N�N?N?N? N???N�?�N??????? ???�N? N�??N�??N�???�N�N�??????N� N�?�?�?�N?????N?N�N� ?????�?�?? N???N�?�???�???�????N?N�N� N�?� ?�???�??N?, ?� N?????????N�N?N�N? ?�N�??N�N????�????N? N�?�????N� ???�N�?�?�N�?? ?�??N??� ?�?�N�?�N?N?N?N� ???�N?N? ???�?�???�N�??N�N?N�N? ??N?????N??�??N�?? N�N� ???�`N�??, N??????? ????N?N�N�?????? ?�?�N�?�N?N?N?N�N�N?N?N?, N� ????????N�N?N�NZ ??N�??????N�NZN� ???�N? N�??N�?�??N�N� ???????�??N�N?. ?�N�N�N�?�N????? ????N??�??, N�?? ??N??�, N�?? ?�??N???????N?N�N�N?N?N? ???� ??N�?�????N�??N�?? N???????????N?N�N�, ?????�?� ?�N?N�?? N�N�?�N????? ???????�????????????. ?�?� ???� ?�??N�??N�?????? ???�??N�??N?, ?� A�???????�?????? ???� ????N�???�????N�N� ??N�???�??N�??N?N�N�A� a�� ????N�???�????N�N? ?�??N�?�??N? ??????N�N�??N�?�.?�N???N????�????N? ?�??????????N?N? N?N???????????N� a�� N�?� ?�???�N�???�????N? ???? ??N??????? N??�????????. ???� N?N�N�?�N????? ???? ???????? ???????????????? N�N???N????�????N?, N???N�?�N????? ???? ??N�N�?�?�????N? ??N�N�N? ??N�?? ?�?�???�?�N???N? ??N�?�N??�?�N???N? ??????N? ??N�?? ???�?�????NZ A�?�??????????N?A�. ?� ???� ????N�???�????N�N� ?�?�???�?�N?????N� A�N�N?N�????A� N�?� ????????N�?�??????N� ???�N�?�?�N�?? ??N??�N?N�N?N�N�????N?N?N�N�N�N�, ???�?�?�???????? ???�N? ?�??????????N?N? N?N�?�N� N�N???N????�????N? ??N�??N?N�??N�N? N�??N?N�, ??N�??N?N�??N�N? A�N???????N�?�N????�???????? N�?�N?N?A�. ?�?� N�N�N�N� ??N�?�??N�?????? ?�??????????N? ???�N�?�N?N�?�N� ?�N?N�?? N�??N?N�N�N????�??N�???? ??????N???N�???�N�N�N�, ?� N?N�????N�NZN� ????N�????N? A�?????�N????????? ???????�N???N?A�, N? N???N�?? ???�?????�?�?�????N�N????? ?�?�?�???�??N�???? N?N�?�N� ??N??�N?N�N?N�?� N�???�N�N�?�???�????N?a��A�.

??N�?�?�N�N�?? ??N�?�N????�N?N�, A�?Y?�N?N�???� ???�N? N�???�N�??A�

???�N�????????N?N? N? 1947 N�??N�N� ?? ??N????�N�?�??????N?. ?? 1966 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?�?�N???N??�?�N�???�??N?N???N? N�N??????�??NZ N??????�N? N�???�??N� ???�N�?�N??� ???�??N�?�?????�. ?? 1972 N�??N�N� a�� ?s??N�??N?N??????? ???�N�?�?�???????? N�N??????�??N�?? N�??N?N�??N�N?N� (?????z????). ?? 1995 N�??N�N� ??N�N�?????�?? ???�????N�????N? A�??N??????�?????? N�????N?A� ?? ????N�?�N�??N� N�?� N?N�?????�????N�NZ ??N???N�N�?????�?�N�N�?�N�N? ??NZ??N�?�???�. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? N? ??N�N?????????N� N�?� ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, PinchukArtCentre, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ???�N�N�?????�?�N???????N? N�N??????�??N?????N? ??N??�?�N� ????N�?�N�???? N? ?s??N�??N�; Saatchi Gallery, ?�??????????; Litexpo, ?�N�?�N???NZN?; N? ???�?�?�N�?�N?N� ?Y???�N?N�N�, ?�N�?�??N�N�N�, ??N�???�N�N�??????, ????N?N�N�N�N�. ??N�?�?�N�N�?? ??N�?�N????�N?N� ?�?????� N� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

?z?�?�??N??�????N� ?�?�?�?�??

?Y?�??N�N� N??? ????N�?�N�????, N??? ????N?N�????N�, N??? ??N????????�. ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�, N�?? ????N�?????�N?N� ?�?�?�?�N�N� ?�N???N�N�?�N�N�??, ?? N???????N? ???�N�?�N�?????�NZN�N?N?N? N�?�N? N� ??N�??N?N�N�N�, ??N�??N�?????� N� ??N??�N?N�N?N�?�, N�??N?N�??N�?� ?? N?????N??�???????? ????N�?�??N�N�?�?�. ?Y?�??N�N� N?N�?�N� ?????�?�?? ???�N? ?�??N????�N�?????�??N�N? ?? N�???�??N�?�N� ?z?�?�??N??�????N�?� ?�?�?�?�???�, N?N�?�N�??NZ ???�N�?????�?�????N? ?�N???N�N�?�N�N�?? N�?� N?????N??�N�??.A�?�?�???�???? ?�?�N�?????�?�???? N?????N?N�?�N�N�???�NZ ?�?� N�????, N??? ????N�?????????� N�????N? ?�??N�??NZNZN�N?N?N? ???�N�???�?�?�??N� N??�?�N????�???? ?????�N?-N�??N?N�?�?�N?N�N�N�. ?Y?�??N�N� a�� N�?� N�?�, ?� N�?????? ??N??� ????N�?????�N�N�N?N?N?, N�?� ??N�??N?N�??, ????N?N�N???????, ???�?�N�, ???�??????N�??????, ?�??N????�N�?????�??N�?? ?� ??N????????�????, ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�?�????, N�?�N�??N�???�????. ?Y?????�N�N�?�N�N?N?N? ?� N�N�N�N� A�????????N�???�N�A� ???? ???�???�N�N? ?� N�???�N???N�????N??? ??N???N�??N?N�N� ??N�??N?N�??N� N�?�N�?�??, N�?� ??N�????????N�???????? N?N�?�???�?�????N??? ???? ????N�A�.

?z?�?�??N??�????N� ?�?�?�?�??

?Y?�??N�N� a�� N�?� N�?�, ?� N�?????? ??N??� ????N�?????�N�N�N?N?N?, N�?� ??N�??N?N�??, ????N?N�N???????, ???�?�N�, ???�??????N�??????, ?�??N????�N�?????�??N�?? ?� ??N????????�????, ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�?�????, N�?�N�??N�???�????.

???�N�????????N?N? 1957 N�????N? ?? ?s??N�??N�. ?? 1974 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?�?�N???N??�?�N�???�??N?N???N? N??�N�?�????NZ N??????�N? N�??. ??. ?�. ???�??N�?�?????�. ?? 1984 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ???�??N?N�?�N�??NZ ??????N????�??N�?�?�N????????? ?�??????????N?N? (??. ??. ??N�??N�???�?�?????? N� ?�. ??. ?�?�???�??NZ???�) ?s??N�??N?N????????? ???�N�?�?�?????????? N�N??????�??N??????? N�??N?N�??N�N?N�N? (?????z????). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?s??i??N?N???????N? ???�N�i?????�?�N???????N? ??N??�?�N� N�??N?i??N?N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ???�N�N�?????�?�N???????N? N�N??????�??N?????N? ??N??�?�N� ????N�?�N�????, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?�, ?�N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N?, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ????N�?�N�??N?N???????N? ??????N�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ??????N�?�N�N� N? ?s??N�??N�; ??N??????�??N?????N? ??N??�?�N� N? ?�N�????N�. ?z?�?�??N??�????N� ?�?�?�?�?? ?�?????� N� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

A�?�???�??????????N�A�?�N?????N�??????

???�???� ???�?�??N�N? ?�???�N�??N�N?N�N? ???�???�N�N? ?�?�?�N�N�???�N�?? N�??N�??N�???�N�N�NZ. ?�?�N�N�?? ?�??N??� ??N�?????�N?N�?? ??N�??N?N�N? ?�N�??N�NZ, N� ???????� ????N�N�N�???? ???�?�N�?� ??N??� ?�???�????N? ??N�?? ???�???????�??N???NZ ??N�??N???N�N?N�N? N� A�???????�N?N�N?A� N?N?NZ ????N�N�N�?�??N? N�??N�??N�???�N�N�NZ, N�N�?�N?????-???? N�?? ?�??????N? ????????????N?N?N? ???� ???�N�. ???� ???�???�N�N� N? N�N�??N?N?NZ ???�??N�N�??, ???� ???�???�?�?�??N� ??N�??N�?�?????? N�?�?�N??�N?N�?�N�????. ???�?�NZ?????? ???�N??� ?? N????�N� ?�???�N�??N�NZ N�???�N� ??N�???�??N�N?, N????� N�?� ???� ????N????�?�?�???� ?? ??N�??N�?�N?N� ??N?N�?�N�??N�???????? ??N�N�?�?�????N?.
?s???�?? N? ??N�?�N�NZNZ ?� ???�???�N�????, N�?? N? ???�?????? ?�?? ???�N??�N�????N?NZ ???�?�N???N� ???�??N�N�??. ?? ???� ???�???�?�?�?????? ???�???�N�N�????N�N?N�NZ ???�??N�?�N�?? a�� N�???�N�?�?�??????N????�N�?? ??N�??N???N�N?N�N? a�� ?�?�???�N? ??N�?????�N�???????? ?????�????????????.
????N� ?�?�N?N�N�?�??N�??N� ???�?�NZ?????? a�� N?????N�N�N�???????? ?�???�?�???? ??N�??N???N�???�??????????, ?�?�?�????N??�N�?�????N??????? N�?� ??N??�?� N�??N�???????? ???�?�NZ???�????N? ?� ???�N�N?N�??. ?? ?�?�????N�????N?NZ ?�?�?�?�N�N� N�?�N�?�??, N???N� ?????�N?N�N? ?�N?N�?? ??N�?????�?�?�???????? ?�?�?? ??N�?????�N�????????, ?�?�?� N???N�?�???� ?? N�????N?, N�?? ?? ???�?�NZ????N? N? ???� ???�???�???�NZN?N? ???�N�?�?�N????? N�???�????????N�??N?N? ?�???�N�?�?�N????�???�. ?Y?�??N�N� a�� ???�???�????N�?�?????? N�?????????? N�?� N�??N�?????????? ????N??�N�?�???????? a�� ?????�?????�N?N� N�N�??N?N????�N�?? ??N??� N�??N�????, ???� ????N�N�?�?�N?N� ?�?�??????N� N�??N�?�N�??N�?�N�?�N�N�??. ?? ??N�??N?N�?? N�???�??N�N�N?NZ ???� ???�???�N�N� ??N�???�??N�???? ?????�?�N�?�????????, N�??????N� N�N??????? ????N?N�?�N�??N???, N�??????N� ????????????N�N?N?N? ???�?????? ?�?? ???�???�?�???�N�?? ?????�?�N�?�???� N??�N� ?�?� N??�N�????. ?Y?�???�N�?????� ???�??N�?????� N?N�?�N� N�??????N?N? ???� ??N?N�?�?�N� N�?�??N�???�??N�??N?N?????N� ???�N�??????, ???� N�N�?�????N� ???�???�?????? N�?� ??N�?????�?�?�????N?N�N� N�?�N�N� ???�???�?�???�NZN�N?N?N? ???????? ???� ????????????, N?N�????N�NZNZN�?? ???�?�N??????? ???�?�NZ??????.
?�??????N� N�?�???� N�???�??N�?� N�??????N?N? ????N?N�N�N�N???N??? N?N�???�?� ???� ??N�??N�?�N? ???�N�?�??N�?�N??�?�??N? N�?� ??????N�?�???�?�??N? ?? N�N?????????N?N�. ?????�N�?? ?????�?�?? ???�?�NZ?????? ??N�N?N�??N�N? N?N?N� N?????N� ???�N�N�?�??N�?? ????N�?�?�N? a�� ??N�?? ???�N�N??????? ???? ??N?N�?�????N???????. ?�?� ??????N�?�???? ???? ??N�N�??N????�????N? ?�?�?�????N??�N�?�????N??? ???� ???�???�N�N�, N�?�?�N??�N?N�?�N� N????????? ???�N�?�?�N�?? ?�?�???�???�?�NZN� ?????? ??N??�N�?�??????N?.

?�???�??????????N� ?�N?????N�??????. ?s??N�??, 2015

A�?Y?�??N�N� a�� ???�???�????N�?�?????? N�?????????? N�?� N�??N�?????????? ????N??�N�?�???????? a�� ?????�?????�N?N� N�N�??N?N????�N�?? ??N??� ?? N�??N�????N?N�N�, N????� ???� ????N�N�?�?�N?N� ?�?�??????N� N�??N�?�N�??N�?�N�?�N�N�??.

???�N�????????N?N? N? 1947 N�??N�N�. ?? 1965 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?�?�N???N??�?�N�???�??N?N???N? N�N??????�??NZ N??????�N? N�??. ??.?�. ???�??N�?�?????�, ?s??N�??. ?? 1971 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?s??N�??N?N??????? ???�N�?�?�???????? N�N??????�??N�?? N�??N?N�??N�N?N� (?????z????), ???�??N?N�?�N�??N? ???�N�N????? ???�?�????N?N?????N�. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N?, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?s??N�??N?N???????N? ??N??�?�N� N�??N?N�??N?N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ??????N�?�N�N�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� L-art, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�????N�??N�, ?�??N?N�?�????????????N? ?�?�?�N� ???�N�N�?????�?�N?????N� N???N�?�???? N�N??????�??????N�?? ????N�?�N�???? N? ?s??N�??N�; ?�?�??N�N�N� ??N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ?�N?N�?�N?N�N?N????� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N? ?�???�??, ?�N?N�?�N?N�; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� In der Gerbgruben, ?�N?N�???�???�?�????; ????N?N�?�????????????N? ?�?�?�N� EEG, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� Kunst a�� Brucke, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� Intercontinental ?? ?�?�N�?�N�??N�; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� Loggia, ?�N�???�??N?. ?�???�??????????N� ?�N?????N�?????? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

?�?�?�???� A�?�?�?�????

??N�?�??, N�N�?�?????????�???� ????????NZ. ???�?? ??N�?�N????�???? N???N�N??� a�� N�N�?�??, N�N�?�?????????�???� ??N??�N?N�N?N�??NZ. (?s???�?? ??N??�N?N�N?N�N? N�??N�N�N????�N�??, N??? N�????N�N�????N? ??????N�??N�?� ?�N�?�?????�??N?N�?�?????�, N�?? ???????� ?????�?� ??N�??N?N�?? N�???�N�?�????N�??, ?�?�?? ???????�N�N�?�N�?? ?� ?�??N�N?N�????N�N?N�NZ ???�??N�N????�). ???�?� ?�?� ??N�?????�?�?? N?, ??N??� ?� N�?�????, ???�N??�?� ??????N?, N????� N�?� ?�?�???�????N�??N�?�???????? ??N�??N?????N�?�????N??? ??N�??N�????N�NZN� N??�???� N??�?�?�. ??N�?�?? ???�N? ???????? ?�N�?�N?N? ???�N�N�???�???� a�� ???????� ?�?�N�?�N�?????�???� N??�???� N????�??NZ N�?� ???????�N�, N??? ???�N�N�??N?.????N�?? N�?�??N�N??� ?? N�N�?�??N� N�?�N??? ??N�????N�?�????N� ??????N?N�N�N???N�N�N� ????N???N? N�??N?N? ???????�???�?�?? ???? N�N�?�?� (???�N�N????�?�?? N�N�?�N? ????????N� ???�a��N�??N�?? N�?� N�??N�??) ?�?�?? ???�???????? ??N�????N�?????�?�?? N�N�?�??, N�?? ?�?�N�?�?� ????N??? ????N�N�N?N?N� ?????�NZ N�N�?�?� ???� N�?�?�???? N�?� N�N�?�????, ?�?�?� ?� N�??N????? ????N???????. ??N�?�N? ?� ??N�?????�???� N�???�N? ???�N�N�????N� ?�N??�N?????, N???N? N�?�N? ??N�?? N�?�N?N? N�NZ??N�????N?NZN�N? ???� ??????????N? ????????, ?�?�?� ???�N???N�?�????N� ???????�NZN�???? ??N�?? ??N???N?????.?�???�N�?�?�???????�???� ????N??????? N�N�?�??, ?�?�?? ??N�??N?N�?? ????N�???�??N�?? ????N???, ????N?N�N????�NZN�N? ???�N�?�N�??N�??NZ ??N�??????N�?�???�?�????N? N?N?N???????, N�?? N?N�??N?N?N�N�N?N?N? ??N??�N?N�N?N�??, ??N�?? ?�????N�?�??????N� ???�???�?�N?????N� ????N�N�?�?� ?�NZ????????, N�?�????N�, ???�??N�?????�?�??, N??? ????N�?? ??????N? ?�?�?? ????N�?�N�??. ?????�N�?? ??N�???�N????�N�N�N?N?N? ??N�??????N�?�???�?�????N? ?�NZ??N?N????????? (?�?�?? ???�N�N�???????? ?�?�?? N?????N??�N??????�????????) ??N�?? ?�?????????? ?�?�?� N?N?N�?? ?�N�???�????N�N�????????.??N�?�??, ???�???�??N�?�?�?�???� ???�N�N�?????? ??N??�N?N�N?N�?????? N????�????????, ???� ????N�N�????N?N� N� ????N�?????�N� ???�N�?�N�????N�NZ???�N�??N?N? ???� ????N??? ?�?�?? ???�?�???�?�N� ??N�N�???�N�??. ???�?� ???�N?N�?�N�?� A�?????�???????????? ???�N�??N?A�, ?�???�N�N�N?N?N?, ???� ??N??�?� N�?????�NZN� N?????N??�N??????�??N? ??N??�N?N�N?N�N?, N????� ?�?�???�????N�??N�?�?????? ??N�??N�????N�NZN�N�N?N?N? ?? A�????????N� ?????�?�??N�N�N?N�A�. ???�N�???????�?�N?N? ?? 1969 N�??N�N� ?? ?s??N�??N�. ?? 1994 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???�?� ?????�???�??N�NZ ????N?N�?�N�N�?? (?????z????), N�?�??N??�N?N�?�N� N?N�?�?????????????? ?�??????????N?N?, N? ??N�??N�?�N???N�?� ?�. ???�N�?�?�N�???�. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?�, Bereznitsky Gallery, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�, ?�?�??N�N�?�?�N???????N? ??????N� N�N??????�???????�, ????N�?�N�??N?N???????N? ??????N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�????N�??N� N? ?s??N�??N�; ?Y?�?�?�N�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�??, ?�N???N�??; ?�N�???????�N??? ?�?�??N�N�N�, ??N?NZ-?�??N�??; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?Y?�?�?�N�N�?�, ?s?�?�???�; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�?�?�?�???�???????�, ?�?�N�?�N�??. ?�?�?�???� ?�?�?�???? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� N? ?s??N�??N�.

?�????I�N�?�N?N�?? ?z?�?�??N??�????N�

?YN�???�??N� ??N�?? ???�?�????NZ A�???�??N�N�N? ???�N�N?!A� ?z?�?�??N??�????N�?� ?�????N�?�N?N�???� ??N�?�??N?N�?�???�N?N� N??�N�N�NZ N�???�N�N� ???� ???�???�N�N�. ???�???�?�???????? N�??N�???�N� ???�N� ???� ???�N�N� ??N�?????�N�?�?�??N�?? ??????N�N� ?�??????-???�N????? 2014 N�????N? ?? ??N??????? N�N??????�???????� A�?� ??N�????????N? ??N?N???????, N�?? ???�???????�??A�.
?�???�N�?�?�?�????N? ?????�N�N�?�NZN�N? ?? N??�?�?� N�?�??N?N�??, N??�?????�, ?�N�N�?�N�?? ?? N�N�?�????N�N�N?N� ???�???�N�?�??N? N� ??????N�?�??N�N??�?�N�?�??N?, ??N�????????N?N?N�?? ?? ??N�???�??N� ????N�?? ?�?�N?N?N�??N? N� ???�?�N�??N�??????N?N�N�. ??????N�N�N�???????? N�N??????�??N�?? ?�??N�??????N???N?N�N? ???????�?????�?????? ??N�?????�N�?? N?N?????N�??N? ???� N?N�?�N�?�-?????�N�?� N�?�N�N�??, ?� N??????????�N�N�?????? ??N�N?N�??N�???�??, ??N�???????�?�???????? N???N�N�?�?�N??????? ??N�??N?N�N�N�. ???�??, ??N�??N�?�???�?????� N�????N�N�??N?N�N� ?�????N�?�N?N�???� ??N�?� N??�N�?? N�???�N�?????�???� ?? A�??N�N� N???N�??A�, ?� ?�??N�??N�N??�?� ?� ???�N�N�???�???????? a�� ?�?�??N�N�?�???� A�?�??N�??N�N??�??NZ ?� ???�??N�???�????N?N�N?NZA�. ?? ???�N�??NZ ??????N�?�????N� ?�??N�??N�N??�?? ?? N�??N�????N�?? N�??N�??N� N� ????N�N�?? ?� ?????�?� ??????N�??N�?�????N? ???�??N�N�??, N????� ??N�N�?�N�???�?� N??�??N? N� ?�??N�N??�?�N???N�N?N�N?.
???�N�????????N?N? ?? 1961 N�??N�N� ?? ?z???�N?N�. ?? 1983 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?z???�N?N??????? ???�???�??????N�N�?????? N�??N?N�??N�N?N� (N�N??????�??N???-??N�?�N�N�N�?????? N�?�??N??�N?N�?�N�). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, Dymchuk Gallery, ??N??�?�N� N�??N?N�??N?N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�N�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� L-?�N�N�, ??N??�?�N� N�N?N�??N�N�N� ?s??N�???�, ?�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ??17, ???�N�N�?????�?�N???????N? N�N??????�??N?????N? ??N??�?�N� ????N�?�N�????, ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N� ??N�???�?�?�?? N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?s???�?�??N�N�N?, ????N�?�N�??N?N???????N? ??????N� ?? ?s??N�??N�; ??N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ?z?�?�??N??�????N�?� ?s??N�???�N�????N?N?????????, ????N�N???????N? ??N�N�-???�N�??N�???�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??N????YN�??????, ??N??????�??N?????N? ??N??�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� NT-Art ?? ?z???�N?N�; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??. N�?� ?�. ?�?�?�N????�??N�??, ?�????, ????N??????�; Saatchi Gallery, ?�??????????; 49-?? ?�?�???�N�N�??N?N???N�?? ?�N�N�???�?�?�, ?�?�???�N�N�N?; ??N??�?�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ?�?�??N�?�?�; White Box gallery, ??N?NZ-?�??N�??; ???????�N�??N�?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�NZ?�?�N????�. ?z?�?�??N??�????N� ?�????N�?�N?N�?? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� N? ?s??N�??N�.

?�N�??N�??N�A�????????N�?�??????

?? ??????N�?? N�???�??N�N� ?�N�??N�??N�?� ????????N�?�?????� A�?z?�’N�??N�A� ??N�??N?N?N�??N� ?�?�?�?�N�N� ?�??N�??N�?�?�??N?????N� ???�N�?�????N�N�??, N�?? ?�?�?�????N�?�?? N???N�??N?NZN�N? ????N�?�?�????N?N�N� ???????? N�????N�N�??. ?�?� ?�??N�???�N�????N�?�N�N�N�??N�N?N�N? N� ??????N????�??N�?�?�N???N�N?N�N? ???�N�?�?�N�??, ???�N�?�N�??N�??N�??N�N?N�N? N�?� ?�N??????�?�N???N�N?N�N? ??N�?�N??�?�N?????N� ???????? ?�??N�??N�?�. ?� A�?z?�a��N�??N�N�A� ?�N�??N�??N� ????????N�?�?????? ????N�????N?N� N?????NZ ???�????NZ ?�NZ?�???? ???? N�???�??N�?? ?� ???�???�N�???? (N�????N�N�?� ???�N�’N�N�?� N�N??????�???????� ????N�?????�?�?�N?N? N�?� N??�N�N�?? ?�?????�N�?�?�?�??) N�?� ?�N�?�N?N? ??N�?�??N�?? ??????????N?N�N�???????????? ??N�???�??N� A�?�?�??N�N�?�N�N�N�A�, ?????????? ?� ?�N�?�??N�?? N????????? ????N?N�?�?�?� N??�N�N�N? N???N??�N???N�N?N�. ???�N�????????N?N? 31 ??N�N?????N? 1953 N�????N? ?? ??N�N?N�N� ???�?�????-?sN?N�???�??, ?s?�?�?�N�N?N�?�??. ?� 1974 ???? 1979 N�?????? ???�??N�?�??N?N? N? ???�N�??N�??N?N???????N? N�N??????�??N???-??N�??????N??�????????N? N�??N?N�??N�N?N�N� (??N?N�N? ??N�??N�?�N???N�?� ?�. ?s??N??�N�N�??). ?� 1985 ???? 1988 N�?????? a�� ?�N???N�N�?�??N� N�????N�N�??N� ???�??N?N�?�N�?�??N? ?????�???�??N�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�?? ???�???� (???�N�N�???????? a�� ?�???�???�??N�??, ??N�??N�?�N???N� ??. ??. ?�N�??????N�a��N�??). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? Bereznitsky Aesthetics, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, Mironova Gallery, ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N�?? ?�???�???�??N�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�?? ????N�?�N�????, ???�N�N�?????�?�N???????N? N�N??????�??N?????N? ??N??�?�N� ????N�?�N�????, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?s???�?�??N�N�N?, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� L-Art, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??????N�?�N�N�, ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N� ??N�???�?�?�?? N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ?? ?s??N�??N�; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�N� ??????, ?�N�??????N�N?; ??N???N�N�?????�?�N???N�?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ??N??????�??N?????N? ??N??�?�N�, ?�????N� N�N??????�???????�, ?�N�??N�?�???? ?�?�??N�N�N� ?? ???�N�??????N�; Picture Gallery, ?�N???N�??; ???� 50-?? ?�?�???�N�N�?�??N?N???N�?? ?�N�N�???�?�?�, ?�?�???�N�N�N?; Black Square Gallery, ???�???�??N�; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� Taiss, Galerie Albert Benamou, ?Y?�N�???�; Lora D. Art gallery, ?�?????�????; Pendleton Art Center N? ?�????N�?????�N�N�N�; ???� V ??N�?�???�N�??????????N? ?�N�N� N�?�N?N�?????�?�N� N? ???�?????�?�N?N�?�N�; ?�?�??N�N�?�?�N???????N? ?�N?????????N? N�N??????�???????� N? ????N?????N�. ?�N�??N�??N� ????????N�?�?????? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

??N�??N??�?�?? ?YN�??N?N??�??NZ??

?� N??�N�N�N� N�??N�???????�?�?�N�?? A�??N????�??A� N? N?N�?�?????? ?�?� ???�N�N? ???� N?N�N�?�N????? N?N�????N�??N�?? N�?�NZ?�??N�??N� ??N�??N?N�??N�??, N???N�?�N????? ???�N�?? ??N�??N�N?N�N�N? ????N�?�??N�N�??????N� ?????�?�??????N?N�N� N�N???N????�????N? N�?�???????? ???�N�N�???????????? ??N�??N?N�??N�N? ?�?� ?�N�?�???�N�?????? N� ???�????????N�?�N�???�?????�?????? ?�???�N�?�?�?�????N???. ?�?� ?�???�N�?�?�?�????N? a�� ???�N�?� N??�N�?�????????N�?� ???�N? ????N�?�??N�N�?????????? ??N�??N????�?�????N? ??N�N�?�?�N? N�?? ???????�??????????N� N�N??????�N�N�N� N?????N?N�????NZ ?�?�N???N�N�????NZ. ???�?? N�?�??N�??N� N?????N?N�????N� ?�?�N�??N�??, ????N�N�N� ???�???�NZN�N? ???� ?�???�N�?�?�?�????N? ?� ???�??N�??N?N?N�??N�N� ??N�??????, N????�?????�?�?????�NZN� N???N�??????N?N�N�N? ?????�?�N�?�???????? N??? ?�?�?�????N??�N�?�????N???N� N�?�?�?�N?????N?N�N� ?? N�?�N?N�, N�???� ?�?�N�?????? ????, N??? ??N�??N�??N??? ??N�N????� ?�?� N�?�N�????NZ ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�????N? ??N�N??�N? N�?�?�?�N?????????.
??N????�?? N??�N???N?N� ???�???�?� N�???�?�?�N??????? N??�N�?�????????N�?�?? ???�N? ????N????�?�????N? ??N�??N?N?N�????N?N�N� ?�NZ???�?? N? ???�N�N�??????????N? ??N�??N?N�??N�N�, N??????? ???�???�?� ?�?�???�N�?�N�N?N� N�N�????????N�N�??N�N?N�N? N�?�?�?�N?????N?N�N�, ?�?�?�??N??�NZN�?? ??N�??N�N?N�N�N? ???�?????�???�N�?�????N?N�N� ?? ???�???�??????N?N�N�. ?s???�?????? N�??N�???????�?�?� ??N�???�N????�N�N�N?N?N? N??? N�?�??????N?N�N�N???N�N�N? ??N�????N?N?N�?????????? ??N�N�?�?�N?, ???????? ????????N�N�???� ???�N�N?N�N?.
?� ?? N�N?????N? ???� N??�N�?�????????N�N�, N????� ???� ??N�???�N????�N� ????????N�?�N�???�?�N�N�N�, N???N�??N�N???N?NZN�N? ???????�????????N� N�N�??N?N�??, N�?? ?�?�?�?�N????�?�?? N�??-N�?? ?? ??N�N�?�??N�?? ?�N?N�N�, N�??-N�?? ?�?�??N??�???�??N?N? ??N�?? ???�?�????, N�???�????N??�?????? ??N�?�?�N�N??????�???? N�N?N�N? ?�??N�?�N� N????�??N�??; N???N�?�N�??N?N????� ?�N�?????�N�?�N�??N�???� N? ???????�?�?�??????N? ?????�N�?�?� N?????N�?�?? ???????�N�N???????N? ??????????N? N?N�?�??N?, ???� N??�???� N�?�?�?�N???N�N?N�N? ?�?�?�?�??N?N?N� ???� ???�?�N� N�???�N?; ?�???�??N?N�?�??N�N�?????? N?N??�??N�N�???�??N� N�N�??N?N�?? ???� ?�?�N�?�?�N� ????N�N?… ?�N�?�?????�??N�?? N�?�?�?�N?????N?N�N� N???N�??N�N???N?NZN�N?, N??? ???� N????�?�???�??N� ???�?�?�?? N�N�?�N�N?????N� ???�N�N�??????, N???N�??N�N???N?NZN�N? N??? ?????�?�????N�N?N�N?, N??? ?�?�??N�???�?�, N??? ?�?�??N??�?�N??????�??N�N?N�N?.
?? N�??N�?�N�??N�?�N�N?NZ N�N????�?? N??? ?�????N�N�NZ, ????N�N�?� ??N�?????�?�N�???�?�NZN� ???�????N� ?�N????�??N�?? N?N?N�?�N????????? N???N�?�N�??N?N????????? ?????�?�??N�???????????? ??N�??N???N�????????????, ????N�N�?� ???� ?�??????N�N???N� ???????�?????? N�?�?�??N?N� N????�?�???????? ?????????�?�??N????? ?�????N�N�?? a�� ????N�?????�????N??? ???�???�??????N?N�N� N�?� ??N�N�??N????�????N?, ??N�??N�N?N�N�N??? ???�?�?�???�N�N??�????N?N�N�, ??N�?�?????�????N??? ??N�?????�??N�?? ?�N?N�?�??N�??N�??N? N�N�?�N�N???N�N?N�N?, N??? N?????N?N�?� ?�?�N�??N?N�N? ??N�?? ???�??????N�??N�N�???????? N??�N�?�????????N�?�. ?�?� ??N�???�N????�N�N�N?N?N? N??? ???????�N??? N? ??N�??N?N�N�N�, ????N�N�???? N�?? N�?� ???� ???�N?N? ?�?�N�??N?, N� N�????N? ??N�?? ??????N?N� N� ?�N????�N�, ?�?? ?�?�N�??N? ?�??N??� N�N�?�?????�??N�??, N� ???�N�N?N�N� N????�?�???�????N? ????N�?�??N�N�??????N� N�N�?�N�N?????N� ???�N�N�?????? ?????�N?N�N? ?�N?N�?? N�N�?�????????, ???????? ??N?N� a�� ??N�N�????N�?????� ?????�?�????N�N?N�N?, N� ??N?N???N? ???�N�?�N�?? ???�???�N�N�????N?, ???� ?????????�??N�??N?N? ?? N�N�?? N�?�??????N?N�N�N???N�N�N�, ???????�?�???�NZN�??N?N? N�??????N� ?�??N??� ???� ?�????N�N�N�…

??N�??N??�?�?? ?YN�??N?N??�??NZ??

???�N�????????N?N? 1973 N�????N? ?? ?s??N�??N�. ?? 1992 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?�?�N�?�?�????N? N�N??????�??NZ N??�N�?�????NZ N??????�N?. ?� 1999 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ???�N�?�?�??N�????N�N�?????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� N� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�??. ??N�?????�????N�?�N� ??N�????N�?�???? A�Gaude PoloniaA� ??N�??N�N?N�?�N�N?N�???� ??N??�N?N�N?N�?? ?Y???�N?N�N�. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� RA, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� 36, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� L-art, ?�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ??17, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�????N�??N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??????N�?�N�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�N�-?�?�NZ?�, ??N??�?�N� ?�???�???� ?�????N�?�N�?�, ?�?�??N�N�?�?�N???????N? ?�N?????????N? N�N??????�???????�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�N�?�???� ?? ?s??N�??N�; ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N???????N? N�N??????�??N?????N? ??N??�?�N�, ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N???; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�?????�, ?�N???N�??; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� Aircraft, ?�N�?�N�??N??�?�???�; ??N�?�???�N�??????????N? ???�?????�?�N?N�?�N???????N? N�?�N?N�?????�?�N�, ???�?????�?�N?N�??. ??N�??N??�?�?? ?YN�??N?N??�??NZ?? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

?�?�?????� ??N�?�N????�N?N�

A�?�??N?N�N�N�N???N� ??N�N?N�??A� a�� N�?� ??N�???�??N� ??N�?? ???????�???�???� ??N�N?N�??, ?? N???????N? ?????�N????????�???� N????�?�?????�, ???�???�?� ???�??N�N�???� N???N?N�?�???� ???�?�N�?????�??’N??�??N�?? ??N??�N?N�N?N�????N� ??????N�??, N�?�N�??????N� ?�???�??N�?? N� ????N�?�???�???�????N� ??????N?N??????�??????N� ???�N�?�?�N�??, N???N�, N??? N????????�?�N???N� ????????N�, N� ???????�N�?�???�N?NZN�N? N� ?�?�????N�???�N?NZN�N?.
???�?�NZ?????? ???� ???�???�N�N�, ?�N??? ???�N? ???�???� ?�?�???�???? ??N�??N�?�N????? ???�???�?� N�??N�??????????. ???? N�?????�????????. ?s???�?? N? ???�?�NZNZ ???� ???�???�N�N�, N? ?� ???????????? ?�????N? ?????�N? ??N�??????N�??????N�??N?N? ??N�?? N?N?N??????? N???N�N�N?, ?� ?� N�??N??????? ?�????N?, ?�??N??�N�?�????N�N?N?N? ???� N?????N�N� ????N�N?N�N�N?N�. ???�??N� ?�???�N�N�N?N?N?, N�?? N�?�N? ?? ???�?�NZ?????�N� N???????N�?�N???NZN�N�N?N?N?, N? ??N�???�?????�NZ ?? ????N� ?�N�?�N?N? N�N�?????�?�????, ???�N???N�N??????? ??N�??N�N�?�???? ?�??N�N�N?. ?�?????? ???� N????�?�?�N? ??N�?? ?�??????????N?, ???� ???�N? ???�???� N�?�N? N�?�N�?� ?�?�??N????�????N�????. ?? ?�N�???�N???N�?�?�, N�?? ???�??N� ????N�N�N�?�???� N�N? ??????N�?�N???N�N?N�N?, N�N? slow life, ?� N�N� ???�??N� ???�???�???�?? N??�???� ???�?�NZ??????.

?�?�?????� ??N�?�N????�N?N�

???�?�NZ?????? ???� ???�???�N�N�, ?�N??? ???�N? ???�???� ?�?�???�???? ??N�??N�?�N????? ???�???�?� N�??N�??????????. ???? N�?????�????????.

???�N�???????�?�N?N? N? 1974 N�??N�N�. ?? 1998 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???�?� ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ???�N�?�?�??N�????N�N�?????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� N� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�??. ??N�?????�????N�?�N� ??N�??N�N?N�?�N�N?N�???� ??N??�N?N�N?N�?? ?Y???�N?N�N� A�Gaude PoloniaA�. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ???�?�?�N�?�N? ??????N�?�N�N�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�????N�??N�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� L-Art, ?�N�?�??N�N??�N???????N? ??N??�N?N�N?N�??????N? N�?�??N�N�N�, ??N??�?�N� ?�???�???� ?�????N�?�N�?�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�N�?�???�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�N�-?�?�NZ?�, ????N�?�N�??N?N???????N? ??????N� ?? ?s??N�??N�; ??N�?�???�N�??????????N? N�?�N?N�?????�?�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ???�?????�?�N?N�??. ?�?�?????� ??N�?�N????�N?N� ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

?�N�???�N�???� ?�N�N�?�N�?�???�

?�?�N�??????N� A�???�N�?�???�A� ?�N�???�N�???? ?�N�N�?�N�?�????N� ?�N�?�N�?�??N� ?� ?�?�?�?�N�N�N� N�N?N�??N�N�??. ???�?� ??N�?? N�?�, N�?? ??N�??N�?????�???? ??N??�N�?�??????N� ???�N?????????N� A�N?N�??????N�??A� ?�???�N� N�N�?�N????? N??�???� N�N??????�????N�N?. ?�N�???�??N�?�NZN�?? ?�N�??N?N?N� ???�???�N�N?, N�??N�??N?NZN�?? N� N�?�N�?�N?NZN�?? N�??N?N�?�?�N?N�N�NZ, ?�N�???�N�???� ????N�????N??�?� ?? N�?�??N?N�??, ?�?�?????�????????, N�??N�????N�?�N�N�N� N�?� N�?�NZN?N�N�?�N�N�N� ??????N??�??N� N�????N�??.
?YN�???�??N� ?�N�???�N�???? ?�N�N�?�N�??????N� A�Red PaperA� a�� N�?� N?????N�N�N�???????? N�?�N??�?????�N�????: N�??N�??N�???�N�N�N? ??N�?????????�NZN�N�N?N?N? ?? ???�??’N?N�N� N�N??????�???????�, ?� N�N� ???�?�N�?�?�?? a�� ?????�N?N�???????? ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�, N�?? N?N�???�N�???�N?N� N?????N� ?�?�?�????????N�????N�N???N? ??N�??N?N?N�??N�N?N�N? ?? ??N�??N?N�??N�N�.
A�?YN�?? N�?�N? N�???�??N�?? ???�??N� ???????�?�??N?N? A�?�?�N�?�N�?�N????�N�??A� ?? N�?�N�?????????? ?????�N�N� ??N�N?N???N� ????????????, ??????N�N� N???N�N�?????????? ???�N?N?N�?�?�N?, ??N�?�N?????N� ??N�????????N� ??N????�??N?N�??N?N�?�?? N� ???�?�?????? ???????�N� ??N�???????????? ???????�????N? ??N�?? ??????N?A�, a�� ???�?�?� N�N??????�????N�N?.<
???�N�???????�?�N?N? N? 1975 N�??N�N� ?? ?s??N�??N�. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ???�N�N�?????�?�N???????N? ??N??�?�N� N???N�?�N�??N?N????????? ???�N�???????????? ???�????N�?�N�???????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ??17, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?�, ???�?�N�?? ???�?�?�N�?�N� ????N?N�?�N�N????????? ??N�N??�???�?�N? ?? ?s??N�??N�; ??N??�?�N� ??N�??N�???????�???�??N?N�???�, ?�??????????. ?�N�???�N�???� ?�N�N�?�N�?�???� ?�?????� N� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

????N�??N??�?�?? ?�?�?????�

?YN�???�??N� A�?????�??????N�???� ?�?�????N??�N�N�N?A� a�� N�?� N?N???N?N�??N�?? ???�N�N�??N�???�N�?????????? ?�?�N?N� N?N???N�???????�?�????N? N�?�???�N�N�N???N???N� ????N�N�, N?N�????N�N�???� N???N�???�?� N�N�??N??�N�N�N� ???�???�??????????????, ???�????N�?�?�????????, ???�N???????????. ?�?� N??�?????�???? N�N??????�???????�, N�?� N??? ???�????N�?�N�N�N? ??N�?? N�????N??�N�, ???� N�?�?? N??? N� N? N�???�??N�N� ??N�??N?N?N�??N�?? N�?� ?? N�??N�??. ?� N�?�?�N??�N?N�?�N�N� ?�a��N????�N?N�N�N?N?N? ?�?�N?N�N�?�??N�?????? A�?�?�N?N�?????�????A� ???�N�?�?�, N�?�???� N????�N� ??N?N?N�?� N� ??a��N??�???� A�N?N??�N?N�?�??N�N�N?A� N?N�???�?� ???� N�N????�??, ?�?�?? ??????. ??N�?�?? N�?? ?�???�N�??????N?N?N? ??N??�N�?�??????N� N�???�N�??.??N??????�?????? N�?�N�?�?�N????? ?????�N???????N?N� (N�???�??N�?�N??�NZN�) N�N�N�??N? A�???�N�?�???�N�??N�??N?A� N?N�N�??N?-N?N�N�N???N�N?N�N?, N????� N�??????N?N? N?N�???�?� ???� N???N�?�N???N� ?�??N???N�?? ?? ????N?N? ?�N�??N�????N?. ?YN�?�??N�N??� ????N??�N�??????????, ??N�?? N�N?????N? ???�??N??????�?�N????? ???�N�?�??N�N�????, A�N�???�????????A� N�N� A�?�?�????????NZN�A�, ?�?�???�?�N?????N?N� N�?�N�?�??NZ, ????????N�??N?N�????N?NZN�?? ??N�?? N�N?????N? N�??N?N�N�N????�??N� N?N�???�???? ???� ???�?�???? ?�N�???�?�?�?????? N�?� ??N�??N�?�??N�??N�N�?? N?????.?� ??N�??N?N?????N?, ??????N�?? ?�??N�?????�N�???�?? ?�?�N?N�N?, N� A�??N�?????�?�?????�??N�N?N�N?A� N�N??????�?????? N�????N?N?N?N�N�N?N?N? ???� A�?�????????N?A�, N�?? ??N�??N????�N?N�N�N?N?N? ??N�?�?? ???????�??????????, A�??????N�?�A�, A�???� ???�??????N????�A�, ???� ??N?N�N� N�??N� ???�???????�???�????N?N�, ???�N�??N�????N?N�N?N�, ???�???�?�???�????N?N�, A�?�N?N????�N�, ??N�??N�N�???�????N?N�. ???�N�????????N?N? 13 ?�?�N�?�?�??N? 1977 N�????N? ???� ?�?�???�N�???�N�N�N�. ???�??N�?�??N?N? ?? ???�????N�????N?N???????N? ?????�?�???�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�???� N�??. ???�N??�?�N�N�?� ?�N�???�?�N� N�?� ?�N???N�??N?N???N�?? ?????�???�??N�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�??. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ???�?�N�?? ???�?�?�N�?�N� ????N?N�?�N�N????????? ??N�N??�???�?�N?, PinchukArtCentre, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� N? ?s??N�??N�; ???�N�??N�??N?N???N�?? ??N???N�N�?????�?�N???N�?? ???�?�?�N�?�N�, ???�N�??N�??; ?�??????N� ?�?�???�N?N�N�N?, ?Y?�?�N�N�??N�???� ??N??�N?N�N?N�????N� N�??N�N�N�?�N�????, ?�?????�N�N???; ?�???? ?�?�?????? ??N??�??????N?N?????N�, ?�?�N�N??�???�; ??N�?�???�N�??????????N? ?�N�N� ??N�???�??N�N�, ?�N�?�N???NZN?; N�?�N?N�?????�?�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ?? ??N??�?�N�N�??????N? ??N�??N?N�??N�N�, ?�NZ?�?�N�??. ????N�??N??�?�?? ?�?�?????� ?�?????� N� ??N�?�N�NZN� N? ?s??N�??N�.

?z?�?�N?N? ???�???�N�?�N?

?�????N? N? ???�??N�?�NZ ???�N? N?????N�N� N�???�N�N� ???�??N�N�? ?�?? N�?� ???�N? ???�???� ???????�????. ?Y?�??N�N� a�� N�?� ???????? N�?� ???�????N�??N?N�N�N???N� N�?� ???�?????�??N? ?�?�N�??N�?�????N� ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�N�??, N??????? ?�?�???�???? ??N�????N�?????�N� ??????N� N??�N?N�?? ???�N? N�N??????�???????�. ????N� ???�N�N�???�N�N?N�???? ?� ???�???�N�???? ???�N� N�??N�????????-N�??N�N?N�N�?????????? N�?�N�?�??N�?�N�, ?�?�???�???? A�N�N�??N?N? ????????N?N? ???�???�. ?�?�N?N�?? ???�??N�N� ??????N�?�????????N?N� ?�??N�N?N� ????N?N�?�N�N?????N� N�???�??.?� ??N�???�??N�N� A�?�??N�??N�?? ?????????�N�????N?A� ???�??N�N� N?N�?�N� ??????N????�??N�???? ???????? N�???????????????? ?�??’N??�??N?. ?�??N�??N�?? ???�???�N�?�N�N�N� ??N�N�?�?�??N� N? N�??N�??N� N�???�??, N� N?N�?�???????�N?N�N? N�???????� N�N�?�?�, ???� ??N?N� ?�?�?�?�?�??N� N�?� ???�?�?�?�?�?�??N� ???????? ??N�?? ????????????.

????N� ???�N�N�???�N�N?N�???? ?� ???�???�N�???? ???�N� N�??N�????????-N�??N�N?N�N�?????????? N�?�N�?�??N�?�N�, ?�?�???�???? A�N�N�??N?N? ????????N?N? ???�???�. ?�?�N?N�?? ???�??N�N� ??????N�?�????????N?N� ?�??N�N?N� ????N?N�?�N�N?????N� N�???�??.

???�N�???????�?�N?N? ?? 1987 N�??N�N� ?? N??�?�N� ?s?�NZN�?�N�????, ?�?�???�N�???�N�N?N????� ???�?�?�N?N�N?. ?? 2012 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???�?� ?�?�???�N�???�N�N?N??????? N�N??????�??N�?? N�??N?N�??N�N?N�, ??N�????N�?� ??N�?�N�N�N�???????? ?????�?�????N?. ?� 2006 N�????N? N?N�?�N?????N�N? ??N�N????? ?????Y?s??. ?z?�?�N?N? ???�???�N�?�N? ??N�?�N�NZN� N? N?N�?�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� (N�??N?N�?�?�N?N�N�N?, ??N�?�N�N�???�, ??N�???�?? N�?� N�??N�??). ???�N�?�?? ?�?????�N?N�??N�??: N?N�?�N?????N�N? N�?�?�?????�??N�N�N� Gaude Polonia (2015), ???�N�?�?????�????N�N? ??N�???�??N�N? A�?�N�N�?�?�??N�A� ??N�?? ??N�????N�?�???? A�Mit-Ost (2014), ??????N�???�??N�???� ??N�?�??N�N� Epson Photo Award 2008-2009 (2009). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, PinchukArtCentre, ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ???�?�?�N�?�N�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ???�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ??17, ???�?�N�?? ???�?�?�N�?�N� ????N?N�?�N�N????????? ??N�N??�???�?�N?, ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N� ??N�???�?�?�?? N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ?�N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N? ?? ?s??N�??N�; ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? N�?�??N�N�N� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N? ?�?�?�?s?z N�?� ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?s??N�??????N� ?? ???�????N�????N�; ?� N�?�?????� ?�N??�?? ????N?N�?�?????? ?? ???�????N�-?Y?�N�?�N�?�N?N�?�N�, ?YN�?�?�N�, ?Y?�N�???�N�. ?z?�?�N?N? ???�???�N�?�N? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ???�????N�????N�.

?�N�??N�N? ?�N�???�

?�N�??N�????N�?�????N? N�?????�????, ????N�N�N� ???�N?N�N????�NZN�N? ??N�N??�N? N????�N?????N� ????N�N�N?N?N�??N?, ?????�?? ??N�??N�??????N�N? ???????�??N� N�??N?N�. ?�?� ??N�?? ?�NZ???�??, N???N� ???�N�?�?�???�?? N�??N?N? ???????????? N�?�?�N?. ?�N? N�??N??� a�� ???????�??N� ?�?�N�?�N�N�N? ???????????? N???N�N�N?, ????N�??N�?????? ?�??N�?�???? ??????????N� ??N�??N?N?N�????N?N�N� ?�??N???N�?? ???�N�?�?? ??N�????????, ???�N�?�?? ?????�N?N�????, ?�?�N�N�???????� ????N�?�????N? ???�N�?�?? ???�?�??????, ????????????, ?�?�N????�NZN�?????? ??N�????????.
?� ???????????? ?�????N? a�� ???�N�N�??N� ????N�N�?? ???�N�N?NZN�N? ???� N???N?N�?� N� ???�?�?�????N� ??????N�N�, ?� N�??N??????? a�� ???�?�??N?N�N? ???� ?????????�?? ?�?�?? ??N�N?N�N?, ???� ?�NZ???????� ?�?�??????N??�?�. ???�N�N�N? ?????�?�?�N�?? N�???�??????N�???�N� ??N�?? ??????N????� N???N�??????N?N�N�N? ???�N�N�????N� ??N�?�N???.
N�?�N�???????????� N�??N�?????�??N?N????� ????N�?????� ?�N�??N�N�??N?N?????N� N????�?�??, ???????�???�???� ???�N? N�N???N????�????N? ?�??N�N�?�. ?�N? N??�N�N�N? ??N�?? ???�?�??N? ?????�N�N? N�?� ???�??N�N??�?�??N�N?N�N? ?�NZ??N?N?????N� ??N�??N�??????, ?�??N?N??�????N� ????N?N�N�?????? ?????�NZ???�N�?? a�� ???� ?�?????�??N�, N�?�N�??N�??N�N�NZ N�?? N�N�??N�?�N�.

?Y?�??N�N� a�� N�?� ?�N�N?N�????. ?????�?? N? N�N�?�?�?�?� ???� ?????�?�?�N� ???�N�?�??a��N???N� ????N????? N� ???�?�????N� N????�N�???? N�???�?????? a�� N�?� ?�N??�?? ?� ???� N�?�?? ?????�N�?�N?????. ?? ?�NZ?�?�NZ ???�??N�N�, N�N�?�???????? ?�?�???�N�N? N� N�????N�??????, N??? ?�??N?N�?�N�N? ?????�??N�N�, ?????�?? ???????? N�N�?�?�N?, N??? ???�??N�N� N�???�N�N?N?N? N� N??? N�???�???????�N�.

???�N�???????�?�N?N? 1986 N�????N? ?? ?�N???????N�. ?� 2003 ???? 2007 N�?????? ?�?????�N????�?�?� N?N�N???N�??N? ?�?�???�?�?�??N�?� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�?? N�?� ??N�??N?N�??N�?????????? ?????�?�????N? ?? ????N�?�N�??N?N???N�?? ?�???�???�??N�N� ?????�?�????N? N? ?�N???????N�. ?? 2007 N�??N�N� ??N?N�N??????�?� ???? ?s??N�??N?N????????? ???�N�N�?????�?�N????????? N???N�???�N�N???N�?�N�N? ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�?? N� ?�N???N�??????N�N�???� (?s?????�??). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, N�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� LabCombinat, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ??N????�N�?�N� N? ?s??N�??N�; ???�?�?�N�?�N� ????N????�, ???�N�??N�??; ???�?�?�N�?�N� ???????�??N???????, ?�N�??N�??N?; Art Palace, ?�N�???????�??N�; ??N??�?�N� N�???�??, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�N�?????? ?�?�N�?�??, ?z??-???�?�?�N�?�N� N? ?�N???????N�; ???�?�?�N�?�N� ??????????, ???�N�??????N�?�N?; ???�N�?�N�?�N� ???????�N�?�, ?�???�????-?�N�?�????N�??N?N???; ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�???�?�?�N�N�N?, ?�?�N�???�N???. ?�N�??N�N? ?�N�???� ?�?????� N? ?�N???????N�. ?YN�?�N�NZN� N? ?�N???????N�, ?s??N�??N�, ?�???�????-?�N�?�????N�??N?N???N?, ?�??????????N�, ?�N????�???�N?N�N�, ??N?NZ-?�??N�??N?, ?Y???�, ????N?????N�, ?�??N�N�?�N�???�??N�.

?s??N?N�N???N�???? ?�N????�N?????

??N�??N?N? ?�N�?�?????? ???�???�N�N?, a�� N�?� ??N�??N?N�N�N� ?????�?�?�???�?�?????? ??????N�N�NZ???�??N?, ???�??N�???� N�?�NZN?N�N�?�N�N�N? ???�N???N�??N�?�??????N?N�N� ????N�?????? N???N�N�N?, ?� N�?�?????� ??N�??N?N?N�????N?N�N� ?�N�??N�?????????? ???�????N? N�?�N?N? ??N�????????N�?????? ???? N�N�?�????N�N�??????N� ???????�?�N�: ??????N??�?� a�� N?N?N�?�N????� a�� ???�???�N?N�??N�. ?�?�?�???�?�???�, ???�N???N�??N�?�?????� ?�N�?�?� N???N�N�?�??, N�?? ?�???�N�???� ??????N�N�?�N�?? a�� A�N�???????� ???�?�N?N�????N�N?N�N? ????N�?????? ?�N� N???N�N�N�??. ?�??N�???� N�??N�???� ???� ?�N�??N?N?N� ???�???�N�N? a�� ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�????N? ??. ?? a�� N�?� ???�?�N�?�?�?? N???N�N�N? ???�N�?�N�N�N�. ?�??N� N�??N�???? ???� ?�N�??N?N?N� a�� ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�????N? ??????N� ??. ?�N�??N�N?, N�?? ?�’N�????N?N� N�N� ????N� N�??N�????, N� ???�??N�??N�???? ???�?�N�??????N�N� ??????N� ??. ?�??N�?????? N?N�N�??N� ???� ?�N�?�????N? ???�???�N�N� N� ??N�??N??????? ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�N????????? ?�?�??, N�??N??????? N??�?????�????, ?????�N�?????? ?�N� N???N�N�N�??. ?�???�???????� ???�?�N?N�????N�N?N�N? N?????????, N??? N� N�??N�????N� ?�N�??N�N� / N�??N�????, N? ??N�??N?N?N�????N?N�N� ?�???�N�????N?N�N� ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�N�?? ?�N�?�???? N???N�N�. ???�?????? N�???????? ???�N�?????�N?N�N�N?N?N? N???N�N� ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�N???????, N�????, ???� N???N�??????N?N�N�N? N????????? N?N�????N?N??????�??N� ???�N?N� ??N�???�???? N�N?N�N�N?.
?�??N�??????N�N? N�?�??, N�?? ???? ?�?�N�?????? ?�??N??� ???�???? N� ???� ?�???�N�??N� ??N�??????N�?? ??N?NZ ???�N�N�????N?, ?�?? ?�?�?� ???�?? N�N� ???�???�N�?
???�??.
?�?? ?� N�???�??N�???
???�??N�??N�??N?N? ?�?�N�??N�?? ???�N???N�N�?�N?.
???�?�, N????
?Y?�N�?�???�N�?? ???�?�N?N�??????N?N�N� ?�N�?�?????? a�� N�??N�??????N?, ?� N�??N�???????? a�� ?�N�?�????N?
?�?? ????N�?�?? ??N�??N?N�?? ???�N? N�??????, N�N�?? ?�?�?�?�N�.

?s??N?N�N???N�???? ?�N????�N????? 15 | 03 | 15

??N�??N?N? ?�N�?�?????? ???�???�N�N?, a�� N�?� ??N�??N?N�N�N� ?????�?�?�???�?�?????? ??????N�N�NZ???�??N?, ???�??N�???� N�?�NZN?N�N�?�N�N�N? ???�N???N�??N�?�??????N?N�N� ????N�?????? N???N�N�N?, ?� N�?�?????� ??N�??N?N?N�????N?N�N� ?�N�??N�?????????? ???�????N? N�?�N?N? ??N�????????N�?????? ???? N�N�?�????N�N�??????N� ???????�?�N�: ??????N??�?� a�� N?N?N�?�N????� a�� ???�???�N?N�??N�.

???�N�????????N?N? N? 1971 N�??N�N� ?? ?s??N�??N�. ?? ??????N??�????N? a�� ???????�?????????�?????? ??N???N�???�????, N�??N�????N�?�N� N�?� ?�?�???�N�??N�N�N�?????? ????N???N�??????. ??N???????????N� ??N�?�N�NZN� ???� N?N�????N? ????-?�N�N�N? N�?� ?�?�N?N�N�?�??N�N�N�. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?s?�N�?�N?N?, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?� ?? ?s??N�??N�; ????N�?�N�??N?N???????N? ??N??�N?N�N?N�??????N? N�?�??N�N�N�, ????N??????�; ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N�?? ?z???�N�N�, ?�?�N�N??�???�; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� KC VA�ST, ?�??N�?�?�??N�??. ?s??N?N�N???N�???? A�?�N????�N????? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�N?N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

???�N�?????� ???�?�NZN�N�??

?????????? ??N�???�??N� A�???�??N�???�N????� ???�?????�N�N�N�N?A� a�� N�?� ???�’N�??N�??, ???????????�??N� ?? ??N�??N�???�?�N�N?N�??N�??N�?? N?N�???�N�N?N�??N�N�, ?? N???N�?? ??N�?�?????�N�???� ?�???�N�?�?�?�????N? ?�???�N�??????N�N? ??N�????N�?�N??�?�??N? N�N�????N�N?N�N? A�N�??N?N�??N� N�??N�????A�. ?�N�?�N� N�??N�???? ???�???�??N?NZN�N? N�N�?�??N� ?�N???N�???�?�N???N� N�?� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�??N� ??????N?N�N�N???N�N�N� ???�?????�N????????�????N� ?�N?????????N�??. ???�??N�???�N???N�N?N�N? N� N�??N?N�??N�?� ???�???�N�N? N?N�???�?� ???� ????N?N�N�N�N???N� N�??N?N�N� N�??N�???? ?�N?????????N�??, N? N?????N� ?????�N�N�??N�?? N�?�???�NZN�N? N?????N�N� ????N????????�N�N�??. ?? ??N�??N�?�N?N� ??N�N�??N????�????N? ??N??� N??�????N�N?????N?N�N�N?N?N? N� ???�N�?�N�????N�NZN�N�N?N?N? ???� ????N�?�??N� ??????N?N�N�N???N�N�N�, N???N� ???� ??N�??????N�N?????????N?NZN�N?N?N? ?? ???� N??�???????�N?NZN�N?N?N? ???????� ?� ????????NZ.
???�??N�???�N????� ??N�??N�N?N�N�N? ??N�?? ???�???�N�N?, A�???????? ??’N???N�N?N�N?, N�?�??N�N?N�??N�N?N�N?, N�??N?N�??N�?� ?�N�?�?????? ?????�N???N�N?, ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�N� N�???�NZ N�N??????�????N�N� ??N�?? ???�?????�N�N�N�NZ ??N�??N?N�??N�N? N� ??N�?? ???�?????�N�N�N�NZ N�??N?N�??N� ?�N�?�??N� N�??N�??.

???�??N�???�N????� ??N�??N�N?N�N�N? ??N�?? ???�???�N�N?, A�???????? ??’N???N�N?N�N?, N�?�??N�N?N�??N�N?N�N?, N�??N?N�??N�?� ?�N�?�?????? ?????�N???N�N?, ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�N� N�???�NZ N�N??????�????N�N� ??N�?? ???�?????�N�N�N�NZ ??N�??N?N�??N�N? N� ??N�?? ???�?????�N�N�N�NZ N�??N?N�??N� ?�N�?�??N� N�??N�??.

???�N�???????�?�N?N? 9 ?�??????N? 1982 N�????N? ?? ?s??N�??N�. ?�????N?N???????N�N? ?�?�N�?�?�??????N� N??�N�?�????N???N� N�N??????�??N???N� N??????�?? (?�?????? N�???�??N� ??.?�.???�??N�?�?????�). ?? 2007 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???�?� ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ???�N�?�?�??N�????N�N�?????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� N� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�?? (?????z????). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�N?N�??????N� N????�N�?�?? ????N�?�N�????, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ???�?�N�?? ???�?�?�N�?�N� ????N?N�?�N�N????????? ??N�N??�???�?�N?, ?�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ??17, ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N� ??N�???�?�?�?? N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N?N????�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� Ann Gallery ?? ?s??N�??N�; ?�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ?�?????�???�?z?�, ????N??????�; ?�?�N?N???????N? N�?�??N�N�N�, ?YN�?�???�; Arta��Monaco 2011, ???????�????. ???�N�?????� ???�?�NZN�N�?? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� N? ?s??N�??N�.

?�N?N??�?�?? ??N�?�???�?�

?????????? ??N�???�??N� A�???�??N�???�N????� ???�?????�N�N�N�N?A� a�� N�?� ???�’N�??N�??, ???????????�??N� ?? ??N�??N�???�?�N�N?N�??N�??N�?? N?N�???�N�N?N�??N�N�, ?? N???N�?? ??N�?�?????�N�???� ?�???�N�?�?�?�????N? ?�???�N�??????N�N? ??N�????N�?�N??�?�??N? N�N�????N�N?N�N? A�N�??N?N�??N� N�??N�????A�. ?�N�?�N� N�??N�???? ???�???�??N?NZN�N? N�N�?�??N� ?�N???N�???�?�N???N� N�?� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�??N� ??????N?N�N�N???N�N�N� ???�?????�N????????�????N� ?�N?????????N�??. ???�??N�???�N???N�N?N�N? N� N�??N?N�??N�?� ???�???�N�N? N?N�???�?� ???� ????N?N�N�N�N???N� N�??N?N�N� N�??N�???? ?�N?????????N�??, N? N?????N� ?????�N�N�??N�?? N�?�???�NZN�N? N?????N�N� ????N????????�N�N�??. ?? ??N�??N�?�N?N� ??N�N�??N????�????N? ??N??� N??�????N�N?????N?N�N�N?N?N? N� ???�N�?�N�????N�NZN�N�N?N?N? ???� ????N�?�??N� ??????N?N�N�N???N�N�N�, N???N� ???� ??N�??????N�N?????????N?NZN�N?N?N? ?? ???� N??�???????�N?NZN�N?N?N? ???????� ?� ????????NZ.
???�??N�???�N????� ??N�??N�N?N�N�N? ??N�?? ???�???�N�N?, A�???????? ??’N???N�N?N�N?, N�?�??N�N?N�??N�N?N�N?, N�??N?N�??N�?� ?�N�?�?????? ?????�N???N�N?, ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�N� N�???�NZ N�N??????�????N�N� ??N�?? ???�?????�N�N�N�NZ ??N�??N?N�??N�N? N� ??N�?? ???�?????�N�N�N�NZ N�??N?N�??N� ?�N�?�??N� N�??N�??.

???�??N�???�N????� ??N�??N�N?N�N�N? ??N�?? ???�???�N�N?, A�???????? ??’N???N�N?N�N?, N�?�??N�N?N�??N�N?N�N?, N�??N?N�??N�?� ?�N�?�?????? ?????�N???N�N?, ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�N� N�???�NZ N�N??????�????N�N� ??N�?? ???�?????�N�N�N�NZ ??N�??N?N�??N�N? N� ??N�?? ???�?????�N�N�N�NZ N�??N?N�??N� ?�N�?�??N� N�??N�??.

???�N�????????N?N? ?? 1980 N�??N�N� ?? ???�????N�????N�. ?? 2005 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?�N???N�??N?N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ????N?N�?�N�N�??. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ???�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N?, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�N� N? ?s??N�??N�; ?�N???N�??N?N???????N? ???�?�?�N�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�??, ??N??�?�?? N�?�?�N�??N�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??O�?� N? ?�N???????N�; ??N�N� N�?�??N�N�N� ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N?, ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N???; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�??, ?�?�????N�N�?�?�N?; ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? N�?�??N�N�N� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N? ?�?�?�?s?z N�?� ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?s??N�??????N� ?? ???�????N�????N�; ?�?�??N�N�?�?�N???????N? ??????N� N�N??????�???????�, ????N??????�; ???�??N?N�?�N�??N� ??N??�N?N�N?N�??, ?�NZ?�?�N�??; Vilnius Academy of Arts, ?�N�?�N???NZN?. ?�N?N??�?�?? ??N�?�???�?� ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ???�????N�????i.

?�N�??N�??N� ???????�??????

?�???�??N�N? ?� ??N�???�??N�N? A�?�?�???�N? N� ???�?�??A� ???????????�???? ?? N�?�N�??N�N�N� ?�??N�??N�N?N????????? ???�???�N�N? ?� ????????N�??N?N�?�????N??? ???????�NZN�???? ??N�??N�??????N�N� ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�N�?? N�?� ??N�?????�??N�N�??. ?�?�?�??????NZ N�???�N�NZ ??N�???�??N�N?, N�?? N�???�???????�N�N�N?N?N? ?�??N�??N�???? ???�?� ????N�?????????� ??N�?�N?????N� N�????N�??, ?�N??�?? ?�???�N�?????�?�????N? ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�N?????N� ?�????N�???�?�?�??N�N�?? ???�N�?�N�N�?�??N�????N� N?N�N�N???N�N?N� N�?�?�?�N?????N?N�N� N�?� ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�????N? ???�N�N??????�?�N�?�?????�???????? N???N�N�N? N�?�N�?�?� ?�??N�??N�N?N???N� ?�??N????�N�?????�??N�?�?�N???N� N�?�N�?????�????N�N�??N� N�N�N??�????N?. ?? ???????�????N? N�N�N�N� N�???�??N�?? a�� ?�??N�??N�N?N????????? ???�???�N�N?. ???�N�????????N?N? ?? ?s??N�??N� N? 1957 N�??N�N�. ?? 1982 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?s??N�??N?N??????? ???�N�?�?�???????? N�N??????�??N�?? N�??N?N�??N�N?N� (?????z????). ??N�?�N??????? N� N???N�????N�???�??N�?�?�N�??N� ?Y?�N�N???N� ????N?N�?�?????? ????N�??N?N?????N� ????????????N�??N�??N�N?N�N�?? N? 1976 N�??N�N�. ?�??N?N�?�????????N? ??N�N??�N???N�N?N�N? N�???�????N�?�?? N? 1977 N�??N�N�. ???�N� ?�N�?�N?N??� N???N�?????� ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ?�??N�??N�N?N?????N� ??N�???�??N�N�?? ?? ????N�?�N�??N� N�?� ?�?� ????N�??????????. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? N? ??N�N?????????N� N�?� ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ?�N�?�???�, Art Centre ?�???�??N�N� ?�??N�??N�?�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ???�?�??N?N�??N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�????N�??N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� 36, Ann Gallery N? ?s??N�??N�. ?�N�??N�??N� ???????�?????? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

?????????�?� ?sN�?????�??????

?�???�??N�?? ?????????�?? ?sN�?????�?????� ?�N??�?? ?�N�???�?�?�??N� N�?� ?? 1992-1993 N�?????�N�. ?? ??N�???�??N�N� ??N�N????? ???�N?N???N? 22 ???????? ?????�NZN�?�??N� N??�???� N�?�N�?�?� N�?�N? N�N� N?N�????N�?�????N?, N�?�N�?�?� ???�???????? ?�N�N�N�???????? ??????N�?�??N?N�. ?�???�??N�?? ?�N�???�?�?�??N� ???� ????N�?�??N?N???????N? ???�???�N�N�, N??????? ??N�N?N�?�??N?N? N�N??????�??????N? N? N????�?????? ??N�?? ?�N�??????N�N�N? ?�?�??N�???�?�?????� a�� ???????? ??N�??N�?�?�N?, N�?? N�?�?� ??N�??N????�?�N� ???�N? ???? ??????N??�??????, ???? ???�??a��N?N�N�. ?� N�?� ?�N??�?? ???�?�?�?????? ?? N�?�?????�N� ?�?�??N???N? N�N??????�???????�.

??N�?�?�N�N�?? ??N�?�N????�N?N�

???�N�????????N?N? ?? 1950 N�??N�N� ?? ?s??N�??N�. ?? 1978 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ??N�?�N�N�N�?????? N�?�??N??�N?N�?�N� (???�??N?N�?�N�??N? ?�. ?�?�??N�???�?�??????) ?s??N�??N?N????????? N�N??????�??N??????? N�??N?N�??N�N?N�N? (?????z????). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�????N�??N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?�, ?�N�?�??N�N??�N???????N? ??N??�N?N�N?N�??????N? N�?�??N�N�N�, ?�N?????????N? N�N??????�???????� A�?? ?s??N�??N�; Gallery Wiener Platz, ??NZ??N�?�??; Espace Croix-Baragnon, ??N??�N??�?�; Kunsthistorisches Museum, ?�N�???�??N?. ?????????�?� ?sN�?????�?????? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� N? ?s??N�??N�.

?�?????�?? ????N�?�???�????

???�????NZ ??N�???�??N�N? ?�?????�???� ????N�?�???�?????� N� ???�N�?�????N�N�N? N�?�N?N?, ??N�N�?�?�???� ?? ???�N�?�?�?�N�-??N�??N?N�?�?�?�N�, N???N� N?N�?�NZN�N? N????????? N�????N? A�????N�???�???? N�?�?�?�N?????N?N�N�A�. ?YN�??N?N?N�??N�N?N�N? ?? N�?�???�N�N�N???N?????N? N�?� N�N� ??N�??????N???N�N?N�N?, N???N�???�?� ??????N?N? N?????N� ?�?�N????�?�???? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� N� ?�??N? ?????�????NZ, ??N�?�N�?�NZ, N?N�?�NZN�N? ??N?????????NZ N�???�??N�??.
?�?????�?? ????N�?�???�????: A�?? N�N?????N? ??N�???�??N�N� N? ??N�?????????�N?NZ N?????N� ?�??N????�N�?????�??N�?? ?� ?????????�??: N?N�????N�?�????N? ???�N�???????? N�N?????N????�????N?. ?z?????�?? N? N�N�?? N�???�??N�N�, ???� ??N�????N�??N? ??N�?? N�??N???N�, ?�?� N??�??N?????N? ???? ?�?�????N�N?????N?, ??N�??N�?�N? N�N?????N????�????N? ?�N??? ?�N????????�??????, ?�?�?�??N?????N??? ???� ???�???�N�N� ?�??N??� ??N�???�??N�???? a�� ????N�?? N??? ???�??’N?N�N?A�.
???�N�????????N?N? ?? 1989 N�??N�N�. ?? 2009 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ???�N�??N�??N?N????� N�N??????�??N� N?N�???�??N�?�. ?? 2015 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ???�N�??N�??N?N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ?????�?�????N? N� ????N?N�?�N�N�?? (N?N�?�???????????? ?�??????????N?). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ????N�?�N�??N?N???????N? ?�????N�, ?�N?????????N?-??N??�?�N� ??. ?�N??�???�???????�, ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N� ??N�???�?�?�?? N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ?? ?s??N�??N�; ???�N�??N�??N?N???N�?? ??N???N�N�?????�?�N???N�?? ???�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�N�??N�?�???? ?�?�??N�N�N� N? ???�N�??????N�; ??N??�?�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ?z???�N??�; ?Y?�?�N�N�??N�??N� ??N??�N?N�N?N�????N� N�??N�N�N�?�N�???? ?�?�???�N?N�N�N?, ?�?????�N�N???; Kuenstlerhaus, ?�N�???�??N?. ?�?????�?? ????N�?�???�???? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N� N�?� ???�N�??????N�.

???�N�??N�?? ????????N�

?�???�??N�N�?�???� ?? ??N�??N?N�??N�N� N�N�N�, ??N?N�?�???????�NZNZN�?? N????�?�???????? ?????????�?�??N? ??N�??????N????? ?� ??N�??N�?�????N??? N� ?�NZ????????NZ, ?????�????N�N� ?�?�?�?????????????? ?????�?�??????N?N�N????? ?�??N�N??�?�N�?�N????�N�?? N?????N??�??. ?�NZ???????� ?�?�N�??N�N? ??N�?�?????�N� N�?�N�?�?� N?N�N�??N? ???�??N�??????N� N�????N�?? N�??N�?�N�??N�?�N�?�N�N�??, N?N�N�?�N�?�??N�?? ????????N�??N?N�?�????N? ????????. ???�?� N� ??N�?�?????�N� A�?�?�N�??N�N?A� ?�NZ??????N?. ?????�????N� ?�N�??N�N�, N???N� N?N�????N�NZNZN�N?N?N? ??N�?� ?�NZ????????NZ N� ??N�?�?????�N�????, ???�N�?�N�????N�NZNZN�N? ??N�??N?N�N�N� ?� N?N�N�????N????�N�?� N�?�N�?�?? ?? N�??N�?�??N�?�?�N??????? ??N�??N?N�N�N� N�??N�?�?�?�??N�N??�?�N????????? ????N???N�??N?. ?? ?�?� ???�??????N� N??????? ??N�?? N?N�?�N� A�N??�??N�?�?�N???????A�, ?�?�?? ???�?????�??N�???????? ???�N? ??N�N?N�?�N�N�?�?�N?????N� ??N�??. ?YN�?�?????�N�, ?�NZ???????� (???�N????�N�), ??N�??N?N�N�N� N?N�????N�NZNZN�N? N�????N�N?N�N?, N????� N� N� ????N�????N�???? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�. ???�???�N� ????N�?�???? ?�NZ???????? (???�N????�N�?�), ???�???�N� ????N�?�???? N�????N�N? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� (??N�?�?????�N�?�), ???�???�N� ????N�?�???? ??N�N?N�N? N�?�??N�?�?�?�??N�?�N�N�N� (???�?�?�N�?�N�, ??N??�?�NZ, ???�?????�??N�?????� ???�N? ???�N�N�??N�???�??N?N?, ?�?�????-?�N�N�N? N� N�.??.) a�� N�?�?�???? ???????? N?N�????N�NZNZN�N? ??N�N?N�N? N????�??, N???N� N?N�????N�NZNZN�N? N???N�N??�N�N�NZ ???�N? ??N�???�?????�????N? ?�?z???�?�?�??. ??N�N?N�?� N�N??????? ????N???N�??N? ?�?�???�???? ???� ????N�???????�N� ?�?????????�????N?, ???�N�?�N�N�N�????N?, ???� ???�?�?�N� ???????????????? ?? ??N?????N??�?�????????. ??N?N� N�N�?�?�N??????? ????N???N�?? ??N�?????�N� N�???�????N? N???N?N�?�??N? ????N�??, ?????????�??N�N�??, N????�N?N? ?????�?� ?�?�???�?�N????????? N??�??N?N? ??N�?????�N�N�N?N?N? ??N�N�??N�N�. ?� N�??N?N�??N�?� N�???�N????????????? ?�??N�N?, ???????�???�???� ???? N?????N�N� ???�?�N�, ???????�NZN� N�?�, N�?? ?????�?� ?�N?N�?? ??????N�???�N????�???? N�N�?�N????? ????N???N�?????? a�� ??N�N?N�?� ????N???N�??N?, ???????? ????N�?????? N� ???�?�N�?�?�??. ?zN�?�??????????, N�?? ????N?N�?�N�N�???? ?? N�N?????N? ???????�????N? N� N�N�?�N????? N?????N????�???? ????N??�?????�NZ???�????N? N�?�N?N�????????N?N�?�??, ???�???�?????� N?????N� N�???�??N�?????�N�N�N?N?N? N�N�?�N????? ?�NZ??N?N?????NZ ??N�??N?N?N�??N�N?N�NZ.

??N�?�?�N�N�?? ??N�?�N????�N?N�. ?�N�?�?????�??N� ?�N??� A�?�??N???N�?? N?N???N�?�???�N�??N�???????? ???�?�N�???�?�?�A�

?�NZ???????� ?�?�N�??N�N? ??N�?�?????�N� N�?�N�?�?� N?N�N�??N? ???�??N�??????N� N�????N�?? N�??N�?�N�??N�?�N�?�N�N�??, N?N�N�?�N�?�??N�?? ????????N�??N?N�?�????N? ????????. ???�?� N� ??N�?�?????�N� A�?�?�N�??N�N?A� ?�NZ??????N?.

???�N�????????N?N? ?? 1969 N�??N�N� ?? ?�??N�??????N�N�. ???�??N�?�??N?N? ?? ?�?�N???N??�?�N�???�??N?N???N�?? N�N??????�??N�?? N??????�N� N�??. ???�N�?�N??� ???�??N�?�?????�. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ???� ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N?N???N�?? N? ?s??N�??N�; ???�?�?�N�?�N� A�KC ???�?�??N�?�?�??N�A�, ?�??N�?�?�??N�??. ???�N�??N�?? ????????N� ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

???�N�??N�?? ?Y????????

?YN�??N?N?N�??N�N?N�N? ?? ???�N?N�N�?�N????? N�N�?�???????�??N�N�??????N? N???N�N�N� N�??N�?? N�N???N????�????N? ??N�??N?N�????N�N?N� ?�NZ??????N? ???? ????N?N???N? ??N�????????N�??N� ???� ????N�?�????N? a�� N??? ?????????? N�?�?? N???N�N�? ?Y?�N�?�?�N????�NZN�?? ?? ???�????????N? ???????�??N�N� N�?�?�?�N?????N?N�N� N� N???N�???????�NZN�?? N�N� ???�N�?�?�N�?? (??N�??N�?�N?), ????N�??N�???� ??N�N?N�?� N�???�N�?�N?N????�????N?, N�?? ?????�??N?N? ???�?�?? N???N�?? ????N�?�N�????, ?????�???� ?????�???�N�??N�?? N??? ??N�??N?N?N�??N�N?N�N? ???� ???????�N�N�??N�. ?Y?????�N�N�??N? N?N�?�N� ???�N�?�N�??N�??NZ N�?�???�N�N�N???N??????? N�?�N?N?, N??? ??N�??N�N�?�???�, ?? N???????N? ?�NZ???????� ???�N� ?????�?�????N�N?N�N? N?????N?N�?�N�N�???�N�?? ?�??N�N??�?�N???N? ???�N�N�????N? N�?�?�?�N?????N?N�N�.
?�?�N? ??N?N??????�????N? ????N�N�??????N� ???????�??N�N�?? ????N�?�N�??N? ?�N?N�N�N? ?�NZ???????� ?�??N?N??�???� ?????�N�??N?N? ???? N?????N�N� N?N?????, ?? N???N�?? ???????� N?N�????N�NZN� N?N????�?�????N? ??N�?? N�?�, N??????? ??N�?? ?�?? ?�N?N�?? N�?�?? ????N�N�???????? ???????�??N�.
?Y??N?N�N????????? N�???�N�????N?NZN�?? ???�N�N�????N? N?N??????????�????N? ???? ??N�?�???�N�???? N�N� N�N�?�??N�?????? ?�??????N? N�, N??�N�??N?NZN�?? ?�N�??N�N??? ???�N????????????? ????N??�?�????N?, ???�N? N?N????????? ???????�N???, ???????????�NZN�?? ???????�N�N�??NZ, ?�?�???�???�?�NZN�N�N?N?N? ?? N�N?N�??N�N�NZ ?�N?N�N�N?, ??N�????N�?????�NZN�?? ?????�?�????N? ???�N�N�????N? ????N�?�N�??N? a�� ?sN�?�?????�.
???�N�????????N?N? ?? 1978 N�??N�N� ?? ?s????N????????�N?N?N???N?. ?? 2002 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ???�N�N�?????�?�N??????? ?�?�N�??????N???N�N�?????? N???N�???�N�N???N�?�N� (??. ???�N�??N�??). ?�?� 2005 N�????N? a�� N?N�?�N??????? ????N?N�?�N�N?????N� ??N�N????? SOSKA. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ???�?�N�?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ????N?N�?�N�N????????? ??N�N??�???�?�N?, ??N??�?�N� ??. ?�N??�???�???????�, ?�?�??N�N�N� ?�??N�N??�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� EIDOS N? ?s??N�??N�; ?? ?�N�??N�?�?????�?�??N�N�N� ?? ???�N�??????N�; N? ??N??�?�N� ????N???????, ?�???? A�Ma��ARSA�, ???????? N? ????N?????N�. ???�N�??N�?? ?Y???????? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

???�N�?�?�?� ?�?�N�?�?�?�N?

?Y????N?N�N�N? ?�?�?�???????�N�???????? ????N�?�?�?�N� ??N�????????N�?????? ?�?�?�???�?�??N�N?N�N? ???�N�?�N�N�N� N? ??N�??N?N�??N�N� ?? N�?�N?N�. ????????N�??, N�N�?????????�???� N� ?�??N??� ???????�??N� N�N?N�N?.
?�?????�?? a�� N???N????�?�?�????N? ???�????????N?N�N� N�?� ??????N?N�??N?N�N�, ??N�??N�??N?N�?�???�?�????N? ??????N??�??????, N�?�???�N�N�N???N??????? N� ???�???�N?N�??N???????, ??N�???????????? N�?� ???�??N�????????????…
?Y?�??N�N� ???�N? ???�???� N�?� ?� ????N�????N?N�???� ?�N??? ?????�?????????? ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�???? ???�N? N?????N�N� N�????N�N�??N� N�?�?�?�N�?�?�N�N�N�. ?� ???????????? ?�????N? N�?� ???�?�N?N�??N�?????? ??N�??N?N�???? ???�N�?�N�N�?�?� ?� N??????? ?�?�?????? ??N�?�N�NZ???�N�??, ?� N�??N??????? a�� ?? ???????? ??N�??N?N�??N�N� ????????N�?�N????? ??N�??N?N?N�??N� N�??N?N? ?�?�???�?????????�, N�??N?N? ???�???�?�?�N????�, ??N�?�?? N�??N?N?N�N� N�??N�??N�???�N�N�?? ?�?�???�N�?�N????�?�??N?N? ?? ???????? N?N�N�N???N�N?N�?�N�.

?� ???????????? ?�????N? N�?� ???�?�N?N�??N�?????? ??N�??N?N�???? ???�N�?�N�N�?�?� ?� N??????? ?�?�?????? ??N�?�N�NZ???�N�??, ?� N�??N??????? a�� ?? ???????? ??N�??N?N�??N�N� ????????N�?�N????? ??N�??N?N?N�??N� N�??N?N? ?�?�???�?????????�, N�??N?N? ???�???�?�?�N????�, ??N�?�?? N�??N?N?N�N� N�??N�??N�???�N�N�?? ?�?�???�N�?�N????�?�??N?N? ?? ???????? N?N�N�N???N�N?N�?�N�

???�N�???????�?�N?N? N? 1984 N�??N�N� N? ?�N???????N�. ?? 2007 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???�?� ?�N???N�??N?N???N? ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ????N?N�?�N�N�?? (??N�????N�?�?�????N? N�N??????�??N??????? N�?�??N?N�???�NZ). ?�?� 2010 N�????N? a�� N�?�?�?? ???�N�N�?????�?�N?????N� N???N�?�???? N�N??????�??????N�?? ????N�?�N�????. ??N�?????�????N�?�N�???� ??N�????N�?�???? Gaude Polonia. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? N? ??N�N?????????N� N�?� ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, N? ???�?�?�N�?�N� Piekno Panie N? ?�NZ?�?�N�??N�, ???� ?�?�N?N�?????�?�N� ?????�?�????N? ?? ?�?????�N�, N? ???�?�?�N�?�N?N� ?�N????????�, ?�N�??N�?�?�???�, ?sN�?�???????�. ???�N�?�?�?� ?�?�N�?�?�?�N? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� N? ?�N???????N�.

Raphus Cucullatus

???�?�NZ???�N�????N? ?�NZ???�??. ????N�, N?????N� ?�???�NZ, N�??N�, N?????N� ???� ?�???�NZ, ??N�????????N�, ???�??N�????????N�, ??N�?�N???????N�, ???�??N�?�N???????N�, ?????�??????N�, N?N�?�N�??N�, ??N�??N�??????N�, ??????????N�, ?????�N�??N�, ?�?�??N�, N�???�N???????N�, ??N?N�????N�, N???N�N?????N�, N?N???????N�. ???�NZ ???� N�?�??N??�N?N�N� ??N�??N�??N?N?N�N� ??N�N??�N�??, N�?� ????N� ?????�??N�?�N�????N? ????????N?N? N� ???�?�NZ???�N�????N?. ?�NZ???�?? N? ???�?�NZNZ, ?????�?? N�??N�N?, N�???� N�N�??N�?? ???�N�?�?� ?�?�?�??N?????N?N? ?? ???�??a��N?N�N�. ?�?� N�?�?????? N????�N� N???N�N�. ?�N�?�N?N?N�N?N�N? N�?� N�??N�, N�N�?? N? ???�???� ?? ??N�N??�N?N�, N? ???�?�???�?�N� ???� ?�???�NZ. ?? ?� ???????? ???� N???N�?�??N????�??N?N? ??N�?????�?? N� ???�?�?�???? ???� N�?�??N�, N�?? N???N�?�??N????�N�????N?N?N?. ?�N� N? N�?�?????� ???�?�NZ???�N�????N?, ??N�??N?N�?? ???�N? N�??????, N�???� ???�N�?�???�N?N�?? ??????????N�??N? ?? ???�N???N�N� ??N�N??�N�?? N? ???�N�?�?�, N??????? N? ?�?�?�??N?N? ?? ???�??a��N?N�N�…

Raphus Cucullatus, ????????N? N? ???�N�?�?�N� Facebook ??N�?? 10 N�N�?�????N? 2014 N�????N?

???�N�????????N?N? ?? 1985 N�??N�N� ?? ?????�?�N?????N�N???N�?? ???�?�?�N?N�N�. ?? 2010 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?�N???N�??N?N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ????N?N�?�N�N�??A�?�?� N????�N�N�?�?�N???N�N?N�NZ A�?�?�N?N�?�??N�?�N�N�N? N�????N�N�?? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�A�. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N?,A�????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ??. ?�N�?�N�?�N�?�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ???�?�?�N�?�N�A� N? ?s??N�??N�; ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N???????N? N�N??????�??N?????N? ??N??�?�N�, ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N???; ?�N???????N?N???????N? ???�?�?�N�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�??, ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N�?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�??, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?Y??N�?? ?�????N? N? ?�N???????N�; ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�??, ?�?�????N�N�?�?�N?; ?�?�??N�N�?�?�N???????N? ??????N� N�N??????�???????�, ????N??????�; Vilnius Academy of Arts, ?�N�?�N???NZN?. Raphus Cucullatus ?�?????� N? ?�N???????N�, ????N�?�N�???�.

?z?�?�???� ??N?N�N???N?N????�

A�?YN�??N?N?N�??N�N?N�N?A� a�� N�?� ????N�???�????N�N�?????? ??N�???�??N�, ??N�?�N??�?�N????� ??N�N�?�?�????N? A�?�N?N�N�N? N�N?N� N� N�?�???�N�A�, ??N�?? N????� N�N�?�??N???N�?? ???? N?N�. ???�N�N�N�?? ?�?�?????�???�N� N� ?�?�?? ?�?�N�N�N�???� ???�????N??�?�?? ????????N� N�?�??N?N�??, N�???� ????N?N?????N�?? N�?� ??????N?N�N�N? ???�N�?�?�?�N?????. ???�?� ???� ???�N�N�?? N???N�???????�N�?? N�????N�?? ?z?�?�???? ??N?N�N???N?N?????N� N??? N�?�NZN?N�N�?�N�N�N� ???? N�N�?�??N???N�N?N?????N� ??????N�?�??N�N�??. ?�?� a�� ?�N?N?N�N�N�N� ??????N� N�????N�?? ????N??�?�????N?: N??�?????�???? N� ???�N�?�?�?�????, N???N� ??N�????N??�?? ???? N???N�?�N????????? N�???�N???N�????N? ?�N?N�N�N?.
????N�N� ???�?????????�?????? ???????�??N�N�N????? N� ??N??�?�N?????N?N�N?????: ???�N�?�N�N�N? a�� N�??N�???�, ???�???�N�?�NZN�?� a�� ???�???�N�N????�???�. ????N�N� N�N???N?N� ?? ???????�??N�N�N�, ?� ???� ?? N?N�?�N�??N�N�, N� ???� ?????�???� ??N�N�??NZ???�N�?? ???????? ?�?� N?????????N?N? A�??N�??N�?�??????A� N?N�?�??????, N?N�?�???? ???�N?N? N�?�N? ?????????�??N�??NZNZN�N?N?N?, ????N�?????�N?NZN�?? ???????? ????????????.
?z??N�???�????N�N? ??N�?? N????�N? N�N�?�N????? ?�?�N?N�N�?�??N�??????N? ????N?N�?�N�N�??N?. A�?YN�??N?N?N�??N�N?N�N?A� a�� N�?� ??N�?? 5 N?N�?�??N�??, N???N� ???�?�N�???????�N????????�?�??N� ???�N�?�N�?????�???? ???�N�?�N�N�N� ?? ??N�??N?N�N�N� N� ???�?????�????: A�??N�????N�????A�, A�?�?�??????????N�N�????N?N�N�A�, A�?s???�?????�?�N�N�??A�, A�?Y?�???????�A�, A�???�?�??N�??N�?�?????�A�.

????N�?? ??N�???�???? ????N�??????NZ ??N?N�N???N?N?????N�, N�?? ??N�????N�??N�???? ???�???�????N�?�????N? N????�N? N�???????????? ???�???�N�N?, N�?? N�?� ?�?�?�N�?�????NZ ????N?N�?????�N�????NZ N� ?�?�?�N�?�?????? ?�?�?�???? ?????�?� ??N�????N�?????�N� ???�N�?�?? ???�???? N???N�N� ???�N???N�??N�?�?????????? ??N�N??�?�N?????N?, N�, N??? ?? N�?�??N�N� ???�N�??N�N??� ?�?�???�N�N?N?N�N�N?N?N? N�N?N�N�N�?????? ?�??N?N�?�?�????. ?? ?????�?�, N??? N? ???�?????�?�N�, ????N???N�N�??N�?? ??N�?�??N�?�??N�, N�?? ???????�?�N?N� N???N�N�, N??????? ????N�??????N�N? ?�?� ?�??????N�N???N� N�?� ????N?N�N�N�N???N� ???�?�N� ???�N??????? N�N�?�?� ?? N�???�N???N?, ???�???�??N?NZN�?? ???�?? ??N�?? ???�N?N� N?N�??N?N??????? ?� ???�N???N�??N�?�????N�N?N�NZ.

?�N�N�?? ?z??N?N�

???�N�???????�?�N?N? ?? 1966 N�??N�N� N? ?�N???????N�. ?? 1985 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???�?� ?�N???N�??N?N??????? ???�N�?�?�???????? ?????�?�???� ??N�?????�?�?????????? N�?� ???�????N�?�N�???????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�. ?� 1985 ???? 1992 N�N�?? ???�??N�?�?�?�N?N? ?? ?�N???N�??N?N???N�?? ?�???�???�??N�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�?? (N�?�??N??�N?N�?�N� N�??N�?�N�a��N�N�N? N� ?????�?�????N?). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�????N�??N�, ?�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ??N�?? ???�???s????, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?� ?? ?s??N�??N�; ???�N�N�?????�?�N???????N? ??N??�?�N�, ?Y?�?�?�N�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�??, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�?�?�N�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�N�N� ?�??N????�???�, ?�N???N�??N?N???N�?? ???�N�N�??????N�?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�N�??????N�?�N�N�N�??????N? ??N??�?�N�, ??N??�N?N�N?N�????-????N?N�?�N�N???????N? N�?�??N�N�N� ?�?�?????� N? ?�N???????N�; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� BWA, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?� ???�N??�?�N?, ?�N�??N�?�?�??; ?�?�??N�N�?�?�N???????N? ?�N?????????N? ?�N??????�???????�, ????N??????�; ????N�?�N�??N?N???????N? ??N??�?�N�-?�N�N�N�??N�, ?s?�N�???�?�????; ????N�?�N�??N?N???N�?? ????N?N�?�N�N???N�?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�?????�????; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�?�?�N�N�??, ??N�????N�????. ?z?�?�???� ??N?N�N???N?N????� ?�?????�A�N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� N? ?�N???????N�.

???????� ???�??N????�

a�� ?�?? ?�???�?�?? ???�N�?�????, N�?? ???�N�?�N�????N�??N�N?N?N? ???� ??N�?�N????� ??N�N???N�?? ???�N�?�???�?�?�???????? ???�???�N�N?a��
?????????? ???�???�N�N?, N�?????�?????? ????????N�??N?N�????N?NZN�N?N?N? ?? ??N�N�N??�N� ???�N? ??????N????�??N�?�N�N�N�, ??N�??????N?N�?? N� N?N�?�????N�??, N�?� N???N�??N�??N�N? ??N�?? ???�N�???�???�??N�???� ????N�?�????N? ?�N�N?N�??. ???�N?N?N�?�?�?? N�N??????? ?�??N�?� ???�?�??N�?�?�??N�. ?�?�?�?�?????? N?N???N�???????�NZ???�N�?? N�?� N� ????N?N�N????????? ?�??N�??NZ???�N�??, ?�???�?� ?�?�?� ???�N�?�?? ???? ???� ?�?????�?�???? ?�??N�??a��
?? ????N�N� N???N??�N???N�N?N�?�N� ????????N�??N?N�?�?????? ??N�N�N??????? ???�??N�N� ?�??????N? N?N�?�N� N�??N??�?????�???? a�� ?????????????? ?�N�??????N�N�???????? N?N�N�N???N�N?N�?�????. ?�N�??N? ??N????????�, ???�N�???�N? a�� ?????�?�?� ??N�?�?�N?, N�N�??N? ???�??N�N? a�� ???�??N�N�, N�?? ??N�????N????? ??N�N�?�N? ?�??N�???� ????N�???�????N�N�?? N�?� ??N�N�N?N�??. ?????� ???�?�N?N�?????� N???N??�N???N�N?N� N????�?�???�N�N�N?N?N? ???�???�?� N??�???� N????�??NZ, ??N�??N�??N?N�?�N� N�?�N�?�?� ???�N�N�?????? ???�N�?�N�N�?�?� N�?� N?N�?�N� ?????????? ?�??N�N�N???.

???????� ???�??N????�

?? ????N�N� N???N??�N???N�N?N�?�N� ????????N�??N?N�?�?????? ??N�N�N??????? ???�??N�N� ?�??????N? N?N�?�N� N�??N??�?????�???? a�� ?????????????? ?�N�??????N�N�???????? N?N�N�N???N�N?N�?�????. ?�N�??N? ??N????????�, ???�N�???�N? a�� ?????�?�?� ??N�?�?�N?, N�N�??N? ???�??N�N? a�� ???�??N�N�, N�?? ??N�????N????? ??N�N�?�N? ?�??N�???� ????N�???�????N�N�?? N�?� ??N�N�N?N�??.

???�N�???????�?�N?N? 1983 N�????N?. ?�?�??N�??N�???�?� ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ???�N�?�?�??N�????N�N�?????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� N� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�??. ?YN�??N�???????�?� N?N�?�?�N????�????N? ???� ?�?�?�N� ???�??N?N�?�N�?�??N? ???� ??N??�. ????N??�??????, 33. A�?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N� ??N�???�?�?�?? N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ?YN�??N?N�??N�N� 365, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ???� ?�?�???�N�???�, ?�?�??N�N�N� N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� ??17 N? ?s??N�??N�; ???�?�N�N�??N�??N� ?�?�???�N?N�N�N? ?? ?�?????�N�N???N?; ??N???N�N�?????�?�N???N�?? ???�?�?�N�?�N� ???�N�???????�; ??N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� 6?�, ????N�???�N�N???N�?�N� ?Y?�N�???�8 N? ?Y?�N�???�N�; International Kinetica Art Fair N? ?�??????????N�. ???????� ???�??N????� ?�?????� N� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

?�N�??N�??N� ???�?�N?????N�N???

A�?�?�NZ?�N�N? ?�?�N?N?A� a�� N�?� ?�?�???�N�??N�N�N�?????? ??N�???�??N�, N??????? N�???�N�?�N�?????�?????? ???� ??N�??N?N�?�??N? N? 17 N�????N�??. ?�?�??N??? ?�??N�??N�?� N?N�????N�??N�?? N�?�NZ?�N�NZ ?�?�??????N�?�N????�????N? N�?�N?N?. ?s???�???????? N�????N? N�N??????�?????? ???�?�NZN� ??????N? ?? N�N? N??�??N? N�???�??N�N?, ?? N�N�?? N??�??N�?? N�?�N�??N�N�N�, ?? N�????N? N??�??????N? N�??N�???�N�N�. ?YN�?? N�?�N? ??N�???�??N�N? ?�??N�??NZN�N�N?N?N? N??�?? ?�??N�??N�, ???????? ???????�N????? ???� ?�??N�N�N? N�?� N??�N�?�????????N�?� N�N???N????�????N?.
????N�N� N??? ????N�?????� N�??N?N�?�, ?�??N�??NZN�N�N?N?N? N�?� ?�??N�??NZN� ????????, ?�??N�??N�?�. ???� ??N?N�?�????N?????N? ?�N�?�??N� ???�?�??N?N�N�N?N?N? ????N?N�?�?????� ???????????? N�????N�N? N??????? ?�N????� ???�?�N�N�N????�N�?? 17 ??????N�??N�N�?? ?�?�?? 34 N�????N�??. 17 N�????N�?? ??N�???�?�N�N?N�N? N??? ??N�??N�??N�?? N??�??N??????? ???�N�?�???�N???N? ????N�??N�???????? N�N�?�N???N? ?�N� N??�?�????N�??. ?s?�???�?�?� ?�?�?�?�?�????.
?Y?�??N�N� a�� ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�, ?� N??????? N?N?N� ?�???�??????N� ?� ????N�????N?N�???�, ?�?�???????? N? N�???�??N�N� N�?� ?�?�?????? ????N?N�N?????????, ???� ???????�???�N� N????�N�N�?�?�N?????N� N??????? ???�N? ??N�?�N�N�, ?�?�??N?N�NZN� N? ????N�????N?N�????.
????N�N� A�?�?�NZ?�N�N? ?�?�N?N?A� N�?� ?�?�???�N�??N�N�N�?????? ??N�???�??N�, ?�??N�??N� ????N?N�N�?????? ???�N�?�???�?�N?????N?N� ??????N? ?? N�N? N??�??N? N�???�??N�N? ??N�??N�N??????? ?�??N�N�N?.

?Y?�??N�N� a�� ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�, ?� N??????? N?N?N� ?�???�??????N� ?� ????N�????N?N�???�, ?�?�???????? N? N�???�??N�N� N�?� ?�?�?????? ????N?N�N?????????, ???� ???????�???�N� N????�N�N�?�?�N?????N� N??????? ???�N? ??N�?�N�N�, ?�?�??N?N�NZN� N? ????N�????N?N�????.
????N�N� A�A�?�?�NZ?�N�N? ?�?�N?N?A� N�?� ?�?�???�N�??N�N�N�?????? ??N�???�??N�, ?�??N�??N� ????N?N�N�?????? ???�N�?�???�?�N?????N?N� ??????N? ?? N�N? N??�??N? N�???�??N�N? ??N�??N�N??????? ?�??N�N�N?.

???�N�????????N?N? ?? 1979 N�??N�N�. A�?�?�??N�??N�???? ?�N?N�N????� ????N�?� ??N�??N�?�N?N�?????� N?N�???�??N�?� (??N�????N�?�?�????N? N�N??????�??N??????? ??N�??N�???�?�????N?). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ??N�????N�??N�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ???�???�N�??, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�N� N? ?s??N�??N�; ??N??�?�N� ?�N�??????N�?�N�N�N� N�?� N�N??????�??N??????? ??N�??????N??�N?, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�?�?�???� ?s?�???�???�, ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??O�?� N? ?�N???????N�; ?�N??? N?N�?�N??????????? 5-???? ??N�?�???�N�???????????? ?????�?�?????�N�N?N????????? ????????N?N�N?N? Trieste, ?�?�???�N�N�N?. ?�N�??N�??N� ???�?�N?????N�N??? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ???�????N�????N�.

???�N�??N�?? ?s?�?????�??

???�N�??N�?? ?s?�?????�?? N?N�????N�NZN� N�???�??N�??, ?????�???� ?� N?????N� ??N�?????�N�?�?�?�N� ???�???????? ???????�??N�, ?�????N�N�NZ, ??N??�?� ??N????�??N?N�?�, ??N�?????????�?????� N� ???�??????N�??N�???� ???�N�?�?�?????�????N? N�N??????�???????�. ?Y?�N�?�?�?????�????N?, ????N�N�N�???? ???�N�?�???�???� ?? N�N??????�??N�?? ??????N�, ?�?� ????????????????NZ ???�N�??N�N? N� ?�??N�???�??????N� N�?�N�?�??. ????N�??N� ??N�??????????N�N? ???�N�?�?�?�?�N?: A�?�?� N??? N?N�???�???????? ?�?�N??�????: ???�N�?�???�N????�N�N? ????????, N�???�N???N�N�N?, N�????N? N�?? N�?�?????? N?N???????????N� N� ???�??N�N�N? ?????�?�N? ??N�?????????�N????�N�?? N??�?�?� ?�?�??N�N�?�N???N???????. ?zN?N? N� N�N� ???�?�NZ?????? ???�??N�?�N?????N� N�????N�?? ?�N???N?N�N? ????N?N�?�???�?�??N� ???�N? N�??????, N�???� ?????�???� ?�N??�?? ??N�??N??�N�????N????�N�?? ???�???? N�?�N?N?. ??N�??N�?� ?�N??�?? N�?�?????? N� N??�???� N�????N? ???�N�?�N�??N??�?? ?? N�?�???� N?N???????????N�. ?? ?�?�??N�N�?� ?????�?� ?�N?N�?? ??N�?�N�?�…A�.
?�N�?�N?N?N�N?N�N? N?????N�N� N�???�N�N� ???�N�??N�?? ?s?�?????�?? ???�?�?????�N� ???�?�?�??N�??N�?�????????, ?�?�?� N�N? ???�?�?�???�N�N??�??N�N?N�N? ???� ???????�?????????�: A�… ???�N�?� N�N�?�?�?�: ??N� ??N�N�N?, ??N� ?????�???�, ??N� N�?????�??, ?� ??N�??N?N�?? N�N�?�?�?�A�.
???�N�????????N?N? ?? 1965 N�??N�N� ?? ??N�N?N�N� ??????????N�N??????? ?�?�N???N??�?�N�???? ?�N�?�??N�N?N?N?. ???�??N�?�??N?N? (1989 a�� 1994) N� ???????�?�???�?? (???�N�?�??N�?� ???�????N�?�N�????????-??N�?????�?�?????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ??N�????N�?�?�????N? ???�N�?�??N�???? N� N????�?�) ?? ?�N�?�??N�N?N?N???N�?? ?�???�???�??N�N� ????N?N�?�N�N�??. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N? N? ?s??N�??N�; ???� ??N�?�???�N�??????????N? N??????????�N�N???N� ??N?N�???????? N????�?� N? ?�N???????N�; ???� ?�N??�N???N�?�N�??N?N???????N? N??????????�N�N???N� N�N??????�??N???N� ???�N�?�??N�???? A�????N�?�N�???� ?????�??N�???�A� N? ???�????a��N???N?N???N?. ???�N�??N�?? ?s?�?????�?? ?�?????� N�?� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�.

???�N�??N�?? ?�?�???�????N?

A�?s?�?�?�??????N??????? N????????�??N�??A� a�� ??N�???�??N�, ?? ??N???????N? N????????? N???N�??N??�?? ??????N�N� ?�???�???�??N�N�???????? ?�??N�N�N? N� N???N�???�?� N�N� ???�N�?�??N?????N??�??N�??, ????????????N�??N?N? ?� N�??N???N� N�??N�???? ?�??N�N?.
A�?�?�N? ???�????N� N�???�??N�?? N? N????�N�N�?�?�N????? ??N�????N????�?? ?�??N�??N�N?N???N? N�?�N�??N�??N? ??N�??N�N�N?, N????� ?????�?????�N?N� ???�N�?�???�N?N�?? N�??N�N�????N? N�??N�??N�???�N�N�NZ ???� ???�?�N?N�????N? N� ??N�??N�N�?�????N�??A�, a�� ??N�?�??N�N?N?N? ?�??N�??N�.
A�?s?�?�?�??????N??????? N????????�??N�??A� a�� ?�??N�???�N�????N�?�N�N�N�?????? ?�N�N�??????N? ???????????�?????? ???� ???�???�N�N�.
???�N�????????N?N? 1988 N�????N?. ?? 2014 ?�?�??N�??N�???? A�???�N�N�?????�?�N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ???�N�?�?�??N�????N�N�?????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� N�?� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�??, ?�?????�N???N??? ???????�???? ???�??N�N?N�N�?� ?�?� N????�N�N�?�?�N???N�N?N�NZ A�?z?�N�?�?�??N�????N�N�?� ????N?N�?�N�N�????A�. ?�?????? N�???�??N�?? ?�N??�?? ??N�?�??N?N�?�???�?�??N� ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N�?? N???N�?�N�N� N�N??????�??????N�?? ????N�?�N�????, ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N� ??N�???�?�?�?? N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N� N? ?s??N�??N�; ?? N�?�?????�N� ???�N�?�?�?�?�N?????N� ??N�????N�?�???? ?z???�N?N?????N� ?�N�N�???�?�?� ?? ?z???�N?N�. ???�N�??N�?? ?�?�???�????N? ?�?????� N� ??N�?�N�NZN� N? ?s??N�??N�.

???????� ????N�?????????�

???? ?�?????�???? ?? ???�N�?�N�N�?�?�N???????N? N???N�N�N� N� ???�N�N??�, ?� N�???? ???�N�???? N???N�?�??N? a�� N�?� ???????�N�N�??N?.
?Y?????�N�N�??N? ??N�?�N??????????????� N� ?????�???�?????�.
?�???�?�???? ???�??N�N??� a�� ?�?�????N�N????� N?N???N�N�N?.
???? ?�??N�??NZN�???? ?�??????N�N???N�N?N�N? N� N�?� N�???�??N�N? ???�N? N�?�N??�????N�N???????.
???� ?�?????????? ???�??????N�?????? ????N?N�?�N� ????N�?�????N? a�� N�?? N�?�??, ?? N??�N�?�??????N� ??N�?? ???�????N�N�????NZ?
?�?? ?�?�?�??N�N? ?? ??N�??O�N�N???N�N� N??�???� N�?�????N� ???�N�N�?????????
???�??, ?? ?�?�???�N�??N??�N�????N�?? ???�???�????N� A�N�?�N�??????N�N? N�????N�?�????N?. ?�?� N??? ??N�??N�?�N? N�??N�??N????�????N? ???????�N�N�??N� ?�??????????N?N?, ?� ???????? ???�?�?�N�N�?�??????NZ ????N�?�N�??????N�N?N�NZ ???�N?N�???�????N� ??N�?????�?�??????, ?�?�N???N�????????, N?N�N?N�???? N?N�????N�?�????N� N�?�??N�N?N�, ??????N�N???????, ?�N�??N�?�??N?, ????????N� ???�N??�N�N????�??N?.
?�?�?� N�?????? ???� N?N�??N�??N????�?�??N?N? ?�?? N�?�, ???�N? N�?????? ?�??N�??N????�???? ??N?NZ N�NZ ???�????????N�N�??N?, ??N�??N�?????�??N? ??N�?? ???�????N???N?N�?�????N� N�???�??N�N?.
???�N�???????�?�N?N? N? 1977 N�??N�N�. 1997 N�????N? ?�?�??N�??N�???�?� N�?�??N??�N?N�?�N� A�?�???�?�????A� ?s??N�??N?N????????? N�N??????�??N???-??N�??????N??�?????????? N�?�N�??N�??N???N? (??????N� ?s??N�??N?N??????? ???�N�?�?�???????? N�??N?N�??N�N?N� ???�????N�?�N�????????-??N�?????�?�?????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� N� ?????�?�????N? N�???�??N� ??. ?�????N�N????�).
?? 2007 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???�?� ???�N�N�?????�?�N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ???�N�?�?�??N�????N�N�?????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???� N� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�?? (???�??N?N�?�N�??N? ??N�?�N?????N� ??N�?�N�N�????). ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??�?� N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ?? ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ?�N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N?, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N�, ?�??N?N�??N�N?N�N� ??N�???�?�?�?? N?N?N�?�N????????? ????N?N�?�N�N�???�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� RA, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ??????N�?�N�N� N? ?s??N�??N�; ?�N�N�-N�?�??N�N�N� ?? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N?, ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N???; ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�N?????, ???�????N�????. ???????� ????N�?????????� ?�?????� N� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?s??N�??N�, ????N�?�N�???�.

?�?�????N�?� ?�?�?�??N�??

?� ???�?????? N�?�N?, ?????�?? ?�NZ???????� ???�?� ?�N�?�N?N??� ???� N�N??????�??????, ?� N??�???� ????N�??????N�N? ???� N�N??????�??N�?? N�??N�N�; ?????�?? ??N?N�???????� ?? ????N?N�?�N�N�??N� ?�?�?? ???????�N�?�??, ?�?�?? ?�???�N�??????N�N?N?N? ??N�?? ?�?�??N�???�??NZ ????????N�?�????N?; ?????�?? A�????N?N�?�N�N�???� ?�N�?�N?N??�, ??N�?� ????N?N�?�N�N�???�A�, N�????N� ???�N�?????�N?N�N�N?N?N? A�NEXUS-2222A�. ????N�????N�?�N�N�N? A�NEXUS-2222A� N�???�??N�?????�N� N�?�N�????N�??N�????N? ??N�??N?N�??N�N? N� N�?�N?N?, N�?�N�N?N�N�N?NZN�?? N�N?N� N????�???�NZN�?????? ??N�?�??N�N�N????�????N?, N�?? ?�?�?????� ??N�????N�?????�N� N?????N�?�N�??N�??N� N�N�?�N??�?� ????N?N�?�N�N�???�. ???�N�????????N?N? N? 1985 N�??N�N� N? ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N???N?. ?? 2004 N�??N�N� ?�?�??N�??N�???? ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N??????? N�?�?�N�N�?�?�N?????-N�N??????�??N�?? ?????�?�???�. ?? 2007 N�??N�N� a�� ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N???N? ?�???�???�??N�NZ ?�N???N�??????N�N�???� N�?� ?�N�N�N�N�?�??N�N?N�??. ?YN�?�??N?N�?�???�N??? N?????N� N�???�??N�?? ???� ???�N�N??????�?�N?????N� N�?� ??N�N?????????N� ??N�???�??N�?�N� N? PinchukArtCentre, ????N?N�?�N�N???????N? ??N�N??�???�?�N�, ?�??N�N�?�???� ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� N�?� ?�?�N�?�?�?????? ??N�N� ?�?�??N�N�N�, ???�?�?�N�?�N� ?�?�??N�?�, ?s?�N�?�N?N? ?�?�?�?�N�?�N� ?? ?s??N�??N�; ?�N�??N�?�???? ?�?�??N�N�N� N? ???�N�??????N�; ?�?�N?N???????N? N�?�??N�N�N� N? ?YN�?�?�N�; Saatchi Gallery ?? ?�??????????N�; Vilnius Art Fair N? ?�N�?�N???NZN?N�. ?�?�????N�?� ?�?�?�??N�?? ?�?????� N� ??N�?�N�NZN� ?? ?�??N�??N�?????�N�N�????N?N???N?.
SHARE